Bell Ringers

Welcome to C-SPAN Classroom's Bell Ringers!

This section of the website is designed to enhance social studies curriculums by providing teachers with brief video clips of C-SPAN programming. You will find the clips separated into categories commonly studied in social studies curriculums. Each clip contains a brief summary, key vocabulary terms, and related discussion questions.

Bell ringers can be used to start class, as an in-class activity, or as a homework assignment to introduce a new topic. You can further explore a topic by using one of the activities on our C-SPAN Classroom Deliberations page with your students. However you use them, Bell Ringers will connect your students with real world examples of civics in action.

Table of Contents

  • AP U.S. Government Key Terms

    • Federalist 78 and Marbury v. Madison
      Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer explained the power of judicial review and how Hamilton's Federalist 78 contributed to the precedent set in Marbury v. Madison.
      6 minutes
    • What is an Omnibus Bill?
      Steve Ellis of Taxpayers for Common Sense explains the meaning of an omnibus bill, including the process of how the bills that fund the federal government, become part of a larger package.
      1 minute
    • The Constitutional Convention
      Grove City College president Paul McNulty explained how the meeting of the Constitutional Convention occurred, the significant people at the meeting and the decisions made there.
      5 minutes
    • Faithless Electors
      National Constitution Center’s Jeffrey Rosen discussed the electoral college and explained what faithless electors are and how the role of electors has changed.
      3 minutes
    • Religion and Political Socialization
      Robert Griffin, Democracy Fund Voter Study Group Research Director, and Kristen Soltis Anderson, Co-Founder of Echelon Insights, talked about recent data relating to younger voters and religious…
      4 minutes
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  • Bureaucracy & Regulation

    • A Return to the Gold Standard
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that the United States should return to the gold standard. He was interviewed by New York Times economics…
      9 minutes
    • An Alternative Definition of Inflation
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his definition of inflation. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      3 minutes
    • The Greenspan Era
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that the economic policies of the Greenspan Era are "worth emulating." He was interviewed by New York Times…
      3 minutes
    • No Inflation or Moderate Inflation?
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that no inflation is preferable to moderate inflation as other economists have suggested. He was interviewed by…
      11 minutes
    • Falling American Economic Growth Rates
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discussed falling American economic growth rates, the role of innovation, and similar trends across the globe. He was interviewed by…
      7 minutes
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  • Campaigns & Elections

    • Concentrated Power and Effective Leadership
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) talked about the impacts of concentrated power and suggested leadership improvements for politicians. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      5 minutes
    • The Immediate Aftermath of the 2000 Presidential Election
      Andrew Rice, author of “The Year That Broke America: An Immigration Crisis, a Terrorist Conspiracy, the Summer of Survivor, a Ridiculous Fake Billionaire, a Fight for Florida, and the 537 Votes…
      9 minutes
    • Donald Trump and the 2000 Presidential Election
      Andrew Rice, author of “The Year That Broke America: An Immigration Crisis, a Terrorist Conspiracy, the Summer of Survivor, a Ridiculous Fake Billionaire, a Fight for Florida, and the 537 Votes…
      5 minutes
    • Whistlestops and Harry Truman
      Author Bob Withers talked about the trains that played a part in the presidency of Harry Truman. He’s the author of "The President Travels by Train: Politics and Pullmans." The George H.W. Bush…
      2 minutes
    • Local Newspaper Coverage of the 2020 Iowa Caucuses
      Filmmakers Beth Levison and Jerry Risius discussed their documentary, "Storm Lake," about the "Storm Lake Times," and how the local newspaper covered the 2020 Iowa Caucuses.
      9 minutes
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  • Civil Rights & Civil Liberties

    • Faith and the Military
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his experiences with faith while in military service.
      4 minutes
    • Misperceptions Between Citizens and Soldiers
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about a "gulf" between citizens and soldiers and mechanisms that could be…
      5 minutes
    • The Longevity of Jackie Robinson's Legacy
      Historian Joseph Dorinson and sports writer Peter Golenbock discussed Jackie Robinson’s enduring legacy. This virtual event was hosted by the Center for Brooklyn History.
      3 minutes
    • Legal Protections for Gun Manufacturers
      Duke Center for Firearms Law executive director Jacob Charles talked about legal protections for gun makers and dealers for crimes committed with their products, including those protections in the…
      4 minutes
    • Mental Health, Guns, and Red Flag Laws
      National Alliance on Mental Illness' Chief Advocacy Officer Hannah Wesolowski talked about mental health, access to guns, and the role of so-called “red flag” laws.
      7 minutes
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  • Comparative Government

    • Putin Praises Annual Call-In Program
      In his introductory remarks, Russian president Vladimir Putin describes the success of this program as well as the process in which his administration addresses issues and concerns brought forth by…
      2 minutes
    • The Chinese Communist Party’s Persecution of Falun Gong
      Dr. Wenyi Wang, a Falun Gong practitioner, describes the Chinese Communist Party's systematic persecution of Falun Gong members through organ harvesting of prisoners.
      3 minutes
    • Iran Protests
      Brian Hook, who served as Special Envoy to Iran from the State Department, described in detail the attack on journalists by the Iranian government.
      3 minutes
    • China's One-Child Policy
      Author Mei Fong explains how the Chinese government used extreme coercion to enforce its radical anti-natalist policies as means to control its population growth.
      4 minutes
    • Demographic Transition in China
      Lei Xiaoyan from Peking University discussed five major demographic trends in China that will have significant policymaking implications for the future.
      6 minutes
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  • Constitutional Foundation

  • Criminal Law & Justice

    • Prosecuting War Crimes
      Michael Newton, a Vanderbilt University Law professor and war crimes expert, talked about the process of prosecuting war crimes in the International Criminal Court.
      10 minutes
    • Mandatory Minimums and Mass Incarceration
      Retired California superior court judge LaDoris Cordell, author of "Her Honor," talked about the U.S. legal system and offered suggestions on how to improve it. She discussed mandatory minimum…
      4 minutes
    • Juries and Peremptory Challenges in Criminal Cases
      Retired California superior court judge LaDoris Cordell, author of "Her Honor," talked about juries and peremptory challenges in criminal cases.
      5 minutes
    • The Shifting Juvenile Justice System
      Retired California superior court judge LaDoris Cordell, author of "Her Honor," talked about the juvenile justice system.
      8 minutes
    • Police Reform and Civil Liability
      Retired California superior court judge LaDoris Cordell, author of "Her Honor," talked about policing reform and qualified immunity.
      4 minutes
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  • Economics & Financial Literacy

    • The 1970s and 1980s Oil Market
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discusses the oil market, the 1970s, and supply and demand. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      7 minutes
    • Protection from Inflation
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discusses how individuals can protect themselves from inflation. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      3 minutes
    • A Return to the Gold Standard
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that the United States should return to the gold standard. He was interviewed by New York Times economics…
      9 minutes
    • An Alternative Definition of Inflation
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his definition of inflation. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      3 minutes
    • The Greenspan Era
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that the economic policies of the Greenspan Era are "worth emulating." He was interviewed by New York Times…
      3 minutes
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  • Education

    • Activist Lilli Vincenz
      Charles Francis, president of the Mattachine Society of Washington, D.C., talked about the life of Lilli Vincenz and her contributions to the gay rights movement.
      8 minutes
    • Young People During the Civil Rights Movement
      Professor emeritus of history V. P. Franklin, author of "The Young Crusaders: The Untold Story of the Children and Teenagers Who Galvanized the Civil Rights Movement," discusses the role of young…
      57 seconds
    • School Integration in Riverside, CA
      Professor emeritus of history V. P. Franklin, author of "The Young Crusaders: The Untold Story of the Children and Teenagers Who Galvanized the Civil Rights Movement," discusses the integration of…
      4 minutes
    • Impact of Technology on Youth Learning
      Emory University professor Mark Bauerlein discussed the impact that technology has on knowledge among millennials and youth. He was interviewed by the Federalist’s culture editor Emily Jashinsky.
      6 minutes
    • Carter G. Woodson: Publications and African American History Month
      On location at the Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site in Washington, D.C., National Park Service Chief Historian Turkiya Lowe talked about Carter G. Woodson's publications and how his…
      3 minutes
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  • English & Literature

    • Effectiveness of Presidents as Military Leaders
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his interpretations of the effectiveness of Presidents George W. Bush,…
      8 minutes
    • Maya Angelou
      Housed in the Wake Forest Library is the Maya Angelou Film and Theater Collection. Librarian Megan Mulder and Director Tanya Zanish-Belcher featured items that chronicle Angelou’s career on stage…
      5 minutes
    • Carter G. Woodson
      Michigan State University history Professor Pero Gaglo Dagbovie talked about historian Carter G. Woodson, founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.
      3 minutes
    • Carter G. Woodson: Publications and African American History Month
      On location at the Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site in Washington, D.C., National Park Service Chief Historian Turkiya Lowe talked about Carter G. Woodson's publications and how his…
      3 minutes
    • Rep. Sharice Davids - Her Childhood Story
      Rep. Sharice Davids (D-KS), one of the first two Native women elected to Congress in 2018, talks about her childhood and how her experiences shaped her life.
      8 minutes
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  • Environmental Policy & Land Use

    • Significance of Silent Spring
      Author Paul Driessen talked about the impact of Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring.
      5 minutes
    • Overproduction and the Fashion Industry
      Journalist J.B. MacKinnon discussed his book, "The Day the World Stops Shopping," contemporary overproduction, and the fashion industry.
      7 minutes
    • The Stafford Act
      A.R. Siders of the University of Delaware Disaster Research Center explains the Stafford Act and how federal aid becomes available after a natural disaster.
      2 minutes
    • Cattle Production and Land Use
      Kaitlynn Glover, executive director of the National Cattlemen's Beef Association, discussed the environmental impacts and land use issues relating to cattle production in the United States.
      2 minutes
    • The Impact of Factory Farms
      Friends of the Earth senior program manager Chloe Waterman defined what she refers to as factory farming and discussed the environmental and societal impacts of this type of agriculture.
      2 minutes
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  • Executive Branch

    • Effectiveness of Presidents as Military Leaders
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his interpretations of the effectiveness of Presidents George W. Bush,…
      8 minutes
    • Historical Foundation of the Roles and Powers of the President
      Historian Allen Guelzo discussed the historical roles and powers of the president. The Heritage Foundation hosted this virtual event.
      8 minutes
    • Faith and the Presidency
      Historian Allen Guelzo and Elizabeth Spalding, a Senior Fellow at Pepperdine University, discussed the role and impact that faith has on the Presidency. The Heritage Foundation hosted this virtual…
      8 minutes
    • The JFK Records Act
      Veteran journalist, author, and JFK assassination researcher Jefferson Morley talked about the origin of the JFK Records Act, the role of the independent review board and the release date for the…
      2 minutes
    • President Richard Nixon Initiatives
      Tricia Nixon Cox and president and CEO Jim Byron of the Nixon Foundation, discuss some of the initiatives President Nixon contributed to the country during his presidency.
      2 minutes
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  • Federalism and State Issues

    • Independent Redistricting Commissions
      David Wasserman, House editor at the Cook Political Report, talked about redistricting commissions that states use to redraw congressional districts.
      3 minutes
    • Problems with Party Primaries
      Unite America executive director Nick Troiano discussed his recent piece in The Atlantic, “Party Primaries Must Go.” He discussed problems with party primaries including issues with…
      5 minutes
    • Automatic Voter Registration Programs
      Christopher Thomas, former Michigan Election Director, explained how different types of automatic voter registration programs work at the state level and the impact of these programs.
      5 minutes
    • The Role of Delegates in the House of Representatives
      Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) discussed the differences between a Delegate to the House of Representative and members of the House of Representatives from states.
      2 minutes
    • Educational Policy and the Every Student Succeeds Act
      Frederick Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, and Pedro Noguera, dean of the school of education at the University of Southern California, responded to a…
      6 minutes
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  • Foreign Policy

    • Changing of War and Media Coverage
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about how war and the related media coverage has changed in the United…
      9 minutes
    • The 1970s and 1980s Oil Market
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discusses the oil market, the 1970s, and supply and demand. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      7 minutes
    • The Invasion of Cyprus
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis discusses the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and Greek response.
      2 minutes
    • The Greek American Community
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis spoke about various impacts of the Greek American community.
      4 minutes
    • Greece-United States Relations
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis spoke about the history of Greek and American relations and partnerships.
      3 minutes
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  • Geography

    • Origin of Daylight Saving Time
      Author Michael Downing talked about the origin of Daylight Saving Time.
      4 minutes
    • Shipwrecks and Marine Life
      Author Tane Casserly discussed the impact that historic shipwrecks off the coast of North Carolina have today. This was a virtual event hosted by the National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.
      2 minutes
    • The Great Migration and Housing Policy
      Howard Husock, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, talked about the African American communities that were established in the north during this time. He explained the impact this had…
      5 minutes
    • Jacob Riis
      Howard Husock, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, talked about how Jacob Riis became involved in American housing history in NYC and the impact he had.
      5 minutes
    • Rent Control
      Howard Husock, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, explains the meaning of rent stabilization as well as discusses the effects of rent control.
      1 minute
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  • Gun Rights & Firearm Legislation

    • History of Ballistics and Firearm Marketing
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about the history of ballistics and firearm marketing in the United States.
      7 minutes
    • Legal Protections for Gun Manufacturers
      Duke Center for Firearms Law executive director Jacob Charles talked about legal protections for gun makers and dealers for crimes committed with their products, including those protections in the…
      4 minutes
    • Mental Health, Guns, and Red Flag Laws
      National Alliance on Mental Illness' Chief Advocacy Officer Hannah Wesolowski talked about mental health, access to guns, and the role of so-called “red flag” laws.
      7 minutes
    • The 2021-22 Supreme Court Docket
      Melissa Murray, Professor of Law at New York University, discusses some of the hot button issues to potentially face the Supreme Court in the 2021-2022 session at an event hosted by the National…
      5 minutes
    • McDonald v. Chicago and Local Gun Restrictions
      Attorney Erin Murphy explained the Supreme Court Case McDonald v. Chicago (2010) and its ruling. She also explained how the precedent in D.C. v. Heller related to this case.
      2 minutes
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  • Health

    • Misperceptions Between Citizens and Soldiers
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about a "gulf" between citizens and soldiers and mechanisms that could be…
      5 minutes
    • Mental Health, Guns, and Red Flag Laws
      National Alliance on Mental Illness' Chief Advocacy Officer Hannah Wesolowski talked about mental health, access to guns, and the role of so-called “red flag” laws.
      7 minutes
    • Africa and COVID
      Dr. Deborah Birx discussed the effects of the coronavirus in Africa. She was interviewed by Georgetown University law professor and director of the Institute for National and Global Health Law…
      4 minutes
    • Legalized Prostitution During the Civil War
      Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation executive director Christy Coleman talked about a Civil War-era story involving the ship Idahoe, prostitution, and STDs.
      5 minutes
    • How Well Did Your State Respond to the Coronavirus?
      FreedomWorks senior economist and former Trump senior economic adviser Stephen Moore talked about a report that compares different economic and health policy responses across the 50 states to the…
      7 minutes
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  • Immigration

    • The Greek American Community
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis spoke about various impacts of the Greek American community.
      4 minutes
    • Latino American Immigration in the U.S.
      Author Ray Suarez discussed some of the changes in immigration laws that occurred over time and the effect the Latino American population has had in the U.S.
      4 minutes
    • Slowing Population Growth Rates in the United States
      After the release of the initial 2020 U.S. Census results, The Hill's Reid Wilson discussed the factors contributing to the slowing population growth rates in the United States.
      2 minutes
    • Push and Pull Factors
      Washington Times' Stephen Dinan explained the concepts of push and pull factors and discussed the reasons for migration out of Central American countries and into the United States.
      2 minutes
    • Indian Immigration to the United States
      Professor Devesh Kapur talked about the history and trends relating to Indian immigration to the United States after the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act.
      5 minutes
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  • Interest Groups & Lobbying

    • Opportunity Zones
      This bel ringer features David Wessel talking about his book, "Only the Rich Can Play: How Washington Works in the New Gilded Age," on the promise and reality of Opportunity Zones, created in 2017 to…
      4 minutes
    • The Difference Between Lobbyists and PACs
      Public Citizen President Robert Weissman talked about the differences between lobbyists and Political Action Committees (PACs). He explained what each do and how they influence public policy and…
      2 minutes
    • The Structure of the National Rifle Association
      Former Republican congressman and current NRA board member Bob Barr described the structure of the National Rifle Association and how they make policy decisions.
      2 minutes
    • Political Participation
      Political Participation refers to the efforts of individual citizens to directly or indirectly impact public policy. By far, the most common form of political participation is voting, but Americans…
      4 minutes
    • Different Types of Political Action Committees (PACs)
      CQ Roll Call lobbying reporter Kate Ackley discussed the differences between various types of PACs and how they work. She talked about Super PACs, Corporate PACs and 501c4 organizations.
      3 minutes
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  • Judicial Branch

    • Ruth Bader Ginsburg Artifacts
      Smithsonian political history curator Lisa Kathleen Graddy displayed and talked about items recently donated by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s family. She explained the meaning and significance of…
      8 minutes
    • The 4th Amendment and the Supreme Court
      Responding to questions from Senator Jon Ossoff (D-GA), Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson discusses the 4th Amendment's provisions for privacy and for unreasonable searches and seizures during her…
      6 minutes
    • Judicial Philosophies
      Bloomberg Supreme Court reporter Greg Stohr discusses the concept of judicial philosophies.
      54 seconds
    • The 14th Amendment and State Action Doctrine
      Professors Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick talked about their book, "The Original Meaning of the 14th Amendment." They argued that the 14th Amendment, which gave the federal judiciary and Congress new…
      3 minutes
    • Original Public Meaning and Originalism
      Professors Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick talked about their book, "The Original Meaning of the 14th Amendment." They discussed the concept of original public meaning and originalism when analyzing…
      8 minutes
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  • Legislative Branch

    • Political Problem Solving and Sports
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) discussed how sports can serve as examples for teamwork and problem-solving in politics. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      2 minutes
    • Concentrated Power and Effective Leadership
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) talked about the impacts of concentrated power and suggested leadership improvements for politicians. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      5 minutes
    • The 4th Amendment and the Supreme Court
      Responding to questions from Senator Jon Ossoff (D-GA), Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson discusses the 4th Amendment's provisions for privacy and for unreasonable searches and seizures during her…
      6 minutes
    • History of the Filibuster
      National Constitution Center Editor-in-Chief Scott Bomboy explained the history behind the use of the filibuster in American politics.
      7 minutes
    • The JFK Records Act
      Veteran journalist, author, and JFK assassination researcher Jefferson Morley talked about the origin of the JFK Records Act, the role of the independent review board and the release date for the…
      2 minutes
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  • Media

    • Media Coverage of Jackie Robinson
      Sports writers William Rhoden and Peter Golenbock and historian Joseph Dorinson discussed a 1946 "Brooklyn Daily Eagle" article and 1950 comic book about Jackie Robinson.
      10 minutes
    • Hidden Camera Investigative Journalism
      Accuracy in Media President Adam Guillette discussed his organization's hidden camera investigative journalism of critical race theory in schools.
      3 minutes
    • State of U.S. Media
      Accuracy in Media President Adam Guillette and Media Matters for America President & CEO Angelo Carusone discuss the state of U.S. media from differing perspectives.
      5 minutes
    • Jacob Riis
      Howard Husock, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, talked about how Jacob Riis became involved in American housing history in NYC and the impact he had.
      5 minutes
    • Polarization and Misinformation
      RAND Corporation Strategy Director Jennifer Kavanaugh discussed the factors leading to the spread of misinformation and false narratives including the information environment and polarization.
      4 minutes
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  • Political Parties

    • Political Problem Solving and Sports
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) discussed how sports can serve as examples for teamwork and problem-solving in politics. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      2 minutes
    • Concentrated Power and Effective Leadership
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) talked about the impacts of concentrated power and suggested leadership improvements for politicians. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      5 minutes
    • The Impact of Roe v. Wade (1971)
      Joshua Prager talked about "The Family Roe: An American Story," including the impact of the ruling of the 1971 Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade.
      7 minutes
    • Problems with Party Primaries
      Unite America executive director Nick Troiano discussed his recent piece in The Atlantic, “Party Primaries Must Go.” He discussed problems with party primaries including issues with…
      5 minutes
    • Two-Party and Multiparty Democracies
      New America Foundation political reform project senior fellow Lee Drutman talked the two-party system in the United States and drawbacks of that system. He also discussed the concept of multiparty…
      3 minutes
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  • Science & Technology

    • Cryptocurrency and Government Currency
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discussed the potential for stablecoin cryptocurrencies to take the place of governmental currencies. He was interviewed by New York…
      3 minutes
    • Unidentified Aerial Phenomena
      Scott Bray, deputy director of naval intelligence, discussed a rise in reports of “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena" and how the reports are investigated before the House Select Intelligence…
      5 minutes
    • China and 21st Century Technologies
      Former Representative Will Hurd (R-TX) discussed China's impact on 21st century technologies. He was interviewed by Representative Blake Moore (R-UT).
      6 minutes
    • Significance of Silent Spring
      Author Paul Driessen talked about the impact of Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring.
      5 minutes
    • The History of the Flat Earth Movement
      Daily Beast journalist Kelly Weill reported on the rise of the Flat Earth movement. She was interviewed by Reason Magazine books editor and author Jesse Walker.
      4 minutes
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  • Social Services

    • Jacob Riis
      Howard Husock, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, talked about how Jacob Riis became involved in American housing history in NYC and the impact he had.
      5 minutes
    • Slowing Population Growth Rates in the United States
      After the release of the initial 2020 U.S. Census results, The Hill's Reid Wilson discussed the factors contributing to the slowing population growth rates in the United States.
      2 minutes
    • The Works Progress Administration
      Sandra Opdycke of Vassar College’s Institute for Innovation in Social Policy explained the history of FDR's Works Progress Administration (WPA), which gave employment to 8 million Americans during…
      7 minutes
    • The State of Homelessness in the United States
      Nan Roman from the National Alliance to End Homelessness discussed the state of homelessness in the U.S. She spoke about the geographic and historical factors relating to homelessness.
      3 minutes
    • The Federal Bureaucracy
      The federal bureaucracy, encompassing millions of employees and hundreds of agencies, departments, and commissions, is the umbrella term used to describe government officials, housed within the…
      4 minutes
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  • State History

    • Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming
      Bill Shishima talked about the experiences of Japanese Americans in the Heart Mountain Relocation Center through exhibits in the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles' Little Tokyo.
      4 minutes
    • The History of the Flat Earth Movement
      Daily Beast journalist Kelly Weill reported on the rise of the Flat Earth movement. She was interviewed by Reason Magazine books editor and author Jesse Walker.
      4 minutes
    • Origin of Daylight Saving Time
      Author Michael Downing talked about the origin of Daylight Saving Time.
      4 minutes
    • Nashville After the War of 1812
      Historian Carole Bucy talked about the how Nashville evolved from a frontier outpost to a bustling state capital after the War of 1812. This program was held at Andrew Jackson’s Hermitage in…
      6 minutes
    • The Early Growth of Nashville, Tennessee
      Historian Carole Bucy talked about Nashville's early growth up through the War of 1812. This program was held at Andrew Jackson’s Hermitage in Nashville.
      7 minutes
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  • Supreme Court Cases

    • U.S. Supreme Court Case: Board of Education v Pico (1982)
      Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-MD) explained the foundation of this case which is based on the removal of books that were deemed objectionable from public school libraries in a New York State town. He went on…
      3 minutes
    • The Immediate Aftermath of the 2000 Presidential Election
      Andrew Rice, author of “The Year That Broke America: An Immigration Crisis, a Terrorist Conspiracy, the Summer of Survivor, a Ridiculous Fake Billionaire, a Fight for Florida, and the 537 Votes…
      9 minutes
    • The 14th Amendment and State Action Doctrine
      Professors Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick talked about their book, "The Original Meaning of the 14th Amendment." They argued that the 14th Amendment, which gave the federal judiciary and Congress new…
      3 minutes
    • The Power of the Supreme Court
      FDR Presidential Library director Paul Sparrow discussed foundation of the Supreme Court's power with scholars Ralph Blumenthal and John Barrett. The FDR library hosted this virtual event.
      3 minutes
    • John Marshall Harlan and the Civil Rights Cases of 1883
      Peter Canellos, Politico editor-at-large and the author of "The Great Dissenter," talked about about the life, career, and legacy of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan of Kentucky, including…
      6 minutes
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  • U.S. History

    • Effectiveness of Presidents as Military Leaders
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his interpretations of the effectiveness of Presidents George W. Bush,…
      8 minutes
    • Faith and the Military
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his experiences with faith while in military service.
      4 minutes
    • Changing of War and Media Coverage
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about how war and the related media coverage has changed in the United…
      9 minutes
    • History of Ballistics and Firearm Marketing
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about the history of ballistics and firearm marketing in the United States.
      7 minutes
    • The Purpose of Memorial Day
      Phil Klay, an Iraq war veteran and the author of Uncertain Ground: Citizenship in an Age of Endless, Invisible War, talked about his view of the purpose of Memorial Day.
      1 minute
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  • World History

    • The 1970s and 1980s Oil Market
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discusses the oil market, the 1970s, and supply and demand. He was interviewed by New York Times economics reporter Jeanna Smialek.
      7 minutes
    • A Return to the Gold Standard
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes presented his argument that the United States should return to the gold standard. He was interviewed by New York Times economics…
      9 minutes
    • Falling American Economic Growth Rates
      Forbes Media chairman and co-author of "Inflation" Steve Forbes discussed falling American economic growth rates, the role of innovation, and similar trends across the globe. He was interviewed by…
      7 minutes
    • The Invasion of Cyprus
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis discusses the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and Greek response.
      2 minutes
    • The Greek American Community
      Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis spoke about various impacts of the Greek American community.
      4 minutes
    • View All