Bell Ringers

Bell Ringer: Muckrakers


Doris Kearns Goodwin discusses muckrakers.


Historian and author Doris Kearns Goodwin discusses muckrakers.

Bell Ringer Assignment

  • How did the term ‘muckraker’ originate?
  • Explain Ms. Goodwin’s reasoning on modern day muckrakers and how they compare to muckrakers in the past.

Additional Resources

  • Lesson Plan: The Penny Press

    The 1830s saw a change in the newspaper business model. People began to experiment with publishing inexpensive newspapers that were filled with content that catered to the middle class. Their goal was to appeal to the masses, so they adopted a conversational style of writing and produced daily news stories that were entertaining and update-to-date. The Penny Press greatly impacted the world of newspapers and their effects can be seen today.

  • Bell Ringer: History of Newspaper Boys

    Historian Vincent DiGirolamo talked about what life was like for newspaper boys both in the cities and on the railroads in the 19th and 20th centuries.



    • Edward Snowden
    • General Stanley Mcchrystal
    • Michael Hastings
    • Muckraker
    • Propublica
    • Samuel Mcclure
    • Theodore Roosevelt
    • Wikileaks


    MediaU.S. History


    Middle SchoolHigh SchoolUniversity