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By frazerfrazer4
On July 13, 2020

Lesson Plan: Models of Democracy

Electoral College: Electors

In this excerpt, Mr. White explains who the electors are. Mr. White talked about the history of the Electoral College, the role of the National Archives in the presidential election process, and the process for certifying and accepting electoral votes. He also talked about the procedures used to verify votes and deliver them to Congress and showed several historic records of elections held at the National Archives.


In this lesson students will view video clips that are examples of the three models of democracy: Participatory, Pluralist, and Elite. For each video clip, students will need to identify each type of democracy and support their answer using evidence from the clips.


  • Set-Up:

    Students can use the accompanying handouts to take notes as they view the videos in this lesson.

    Handout: Models of Democracy (Google Slides)

    Handout: Models of Democracy Video Clips (Google Doc)

    Teachers can also use the following NearPod presentation to have students complete this lesson.

    NearPod Presentation: Models of Democracy (External Link)

  • Step 1:

    Warm Up: Students will work either individually, in pairs, or small groups to match the definitions of the Models of Democracy (Google Slides) to the correct term. Included in this warm up activity are also primary source excerpts that demonstrate these different models. This will help students while watching videos to identify the different types of democracy.

  • Step 2:

    Using the handout, have the students watch the video clips. While students watch the video clips they should use the chart on the handout to identify which Model of Democracy is being presented and support their claim using evidence from the video clips. Students will record their answers on the Models of Democracy Notes (Google Doc)

  • Step 3:

    Students will use their notes to answer the following prompt:

    • *Explain how the models of representative democracy are visible in major institutions, policies, events, or debates in the U.S. Cite examples from the video clips to support your point.
  • Extension Activities:

    • Students can create illustrations explaining each of the different models.

    • Students can look up current events that match each of the different models.

    • Students can hold a discussion on the merits of the models and determine which one(s) are most effective and match specific circumstances.

Additional Resource


  • Democracy
  • Elite Democracy
  • Participatory Democracy
  • Pluarlist Democracy


AP U.S. Government Key TermsComparative Government


High School