Lesson Plan: The Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

National Park Service ranger Phillip Lupsiewicz talked about the Battle of Concord and the "shot heard round the world." He reviewed the events that led to the battle and the creation of the minute companies.


On April 19, 1775, British and colonial militias engaged in the Battles of Lexington and Concord. In response to British troops marching from Boston to Concord to seize colonial arms and supplies, local colonial minutemen rushed to intercept the British troops. As they met in Lexington, shots were fired between the two groups and fighting broke out and continued throughout the day as the British soldiers returned to Boston. This event marked the beginning of the Revolutionary War.


  • WARM-UP:

    Provide the students with the following question. Have students think about their answer and share their responses with a partner and then to the whole group.

    The colonists had been dissatisfied with the rule of England for a long time. What events do you think directly led to the outbreak of violence at Lexington and Concord? What do you think the consequences will be of the Battles of Lexington and Concord?


    Have students complete the vocabulary activity. If using their personal devices, they should make a copy of the Google Slide and match each term to the appropriate definition. If they are using this as a printed handout, they can draw arrows to the correct match.

    HANDOUT: Battles of Lexington and Concord Vocabulary Activity (Google Slide)

    • Militia
    • Treason
    • Mother Country
    • Armaments
    • Provincial Soldiers
    • Casualties
    • Retreat
    • Arduous

    After reviewing the vocabulary terms and addressing any misconceptions, have students view the following video clips to learn about the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Students should complete the related Graphic Organizer with information from the videos and answer the accompanying questions.


    You can post links to the video links along with the questions in this lesson and have students share their responses on a discussion board or learning management system.

    You can save and share the accompanying Google document and have students complete them as they view the related videos.

    HANDOUT: Lexington and Concord Graphic Organizer (Google Slide)

    VIDEO CLIP 1: The Battles of Lexington and Concord (4:12)

    VIDEO CLIP 2: The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere (2:16)

    VIDEO CLIP 3: Barret's Farm and the Battles of Lexington and Concord (3:56)

    VIDEO CLIP 4: Colonial Military Supplies Stored at Concord (2:32)

    VIDEO CLIP 5: The Perspective of a Minuteman at the Battle of Concord (3:44)

    VIDEO CLIP 6: The British Retreat after the Battles of Lexington and Concord (3:36)

    1. Why did the British soldiers march to Lexington?

    2. What artifact helped warn the colonial militias that the British were on the march? What was the result of the warning?

    3. What were the soldiers searching for at Barett’s Farm?

    4. What happens during the running battle?

    5. Why do you think the battles of Lexington and Concord are considered the beginning of the American Revolution, when the colonies do not declare independence for another year?

    Using what they learned in the video clips, have students select one of the following handouts to complete about the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

    HANDOUT: Lexington and Concord - Poetry Analysis Activity (Google Slide)

    HANDOUT: Lexington and Concord - Timeline Activity (Google Slide)


    Ask students to consider their notes from the videos as well as class discussion. Students will write a letter from the site of the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The letter can be written from the perspective of a soldier that participated or as a bystander that witnessed the Battles. The letter should include the major events that happened as well as the emotions the people would have felt at the time of the Battles of Lexington and Concord.

Additional Resource


  • Arduous
  • Armaments
  • Casualties
  • Militia
  • Mother Country
  • Provincial Soldiers
  • Retreat
  • Treason


U.S. HistoryWorld History


Middle SchoolHigh School