Lesson Plan: Examples of Regulatory Agencies

Arguments against Overregulation

In response to a clip of President Trump, Todd Gaziano, discussed regulations and rulemaking in the federal bureaucracy. He gave his opinion on the Constitutionality of these regulations.


Regulatory agencies are a part of the executive branch and ensure the compliance of legislation. Each regulatory agency was created around a specific mission and is responsible for enforcing rules on certain issues and industries. This lesson explores costs and benefits of regulations and provides examples of six different regulatory agencies. These include the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Trade Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Food and Drug Administration, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.



    Have the students view both videos in the Bell Ringer below and answer all of the questions. After viewing discuss the benefits and drawbacks of regulations and regulatory agencies.

    BELL RINGER: Costs and Benefits of Regulations (2 Clips)

    • Explain the arguments that President Trump makes against regulation?
    • What arguments does Todd Gaziano makes regarding regulation?
    • According to Mr. Weissman, what are some of examples of problems with too little regulation?
    • What argument does the Washington Times make about regulations?
    • According to Mr. Weissman, how do the economic costs and benefits of regulation compare to each other?

    Have the students use the Regulatory Agencies Handout to take notes on the purposes and examples of topics for each regulatory agency.

  • VIDEO CLIP: Federal Trade Commission (1:42)


    After viewing the videos, students will discuss as a class or in groups how each of these regulatory agencies impact their lives and how effective these agencies are at accomplishing their missions.


    Before exiting the class, have the students summarize regulatory agencies by answering the following questions:

    • What is the overall purpose of regulatory agencies?
    • What actions do regulatory agencies take?

    Create an Agency- Identify a problem in the United States that is not being addressed. If the government were to create an agency to address this issue, what would it look like. Create an agency to help regulate this issue. Use the following guiding questions to help you.

    • What would it be called?
    • What would its mission be?
    • What tools would it have to accomplish its mission?
    • How effective do you think it would be? Why might people be opposed to this?

    Additional Writing Prompts:

    • How can regulatory agencies impact the economy?
    • Are regulations imposed by these agencies too strict or too lenient? Explain your answer.

Additional Resources


  • Agency
  • Anti-trust
  • Audit
  • Aviation
  • Capital Markets
  • Civil Action
  • Climate
  • Competition
  • Consumer
  • Defraud
  • Deregulation
  • Federal Securities Laws
  • Firearms
  • Food Supply
  • Fraud
  • Inspection
  • License
  • Medical Devices
  • Monopoly
  • Oversight
  • Pollution
  • Prescription
  • Regulations
  • Securities & Exchange Commission


Bureaucracy & RegulationExecutive Branch


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