Bell Ringers
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By swifta
On September 3, 2018

Bell Ringer: Ratification

The Woman's Hour

Elaine Weiss recalled the women’s suffrage movement’s efforts to promote the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in 1920, which would allow women the right to vote.


Ratification is the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid. This Bell Ringer explores the ratification process of treaties, the Constitution, and amendments to the Constitution. This Bell Ringer explains key terms and vocabulary within the AP U.S. Government and Politics exam.

Bell Ringer Assignment

  • What action is necessary for a document to be ratified?
  • Describe the ratification process of an amendment to the Constitution.
  • What was a stipulation that was added in the process of New York ratifying the Constitution?
  • Why was the Bill of Rights added after the ratification of the Constitution?
  • AP Gov Questions to Consider: What compromises were necessary for adoption and ratification of the Constitution? Describe the amendment process in Article V, be sure to identify the number of states required for final ratification. Identify the chamber-specific procedures, rules, and roles that impact the policy-making process of Congress.

Additional Resources



    • Cloture
    • Constitution
    • Filibuster
    • House
    • Senate
    • Speaker Of The House


    AP U.S. Government Key Terms


    High School