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  • Document Image
    Bell Ringer

    Problems with Party Primaries

    Unite America executive director Nick Troiano discussed his recent piece in The Atlantic, “Party…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Automatic Voter Registration Programs

    Christopher Thomas, former Michigan Election Director, explained how different types of automatic voter…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Hate Speech and Snyder v. Phelps

    ABC News assistant chief counsel Ian Rosenberg discussed the events in the Snyder v. Phelps Supreme…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Electors in the Electoral College

    John Fortier, author of “After the People Vote: A Guide to the Electoral College,” discussed the…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Faithless Electors

    National Constitution Center’s Jeffrey Rosen discussed the electoral college and explained what…

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    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Arguments For and Against the Electoral College

    National Constitution Center’s Jeffrey Rosen discussed the arguments for and against the electoral…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    1933 Inauguration Period

    Eric Rauchway discussed the financial state of the country surrounding FDR's inauguration. He described…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    FDR and Hoover - 1932 Transition

    Eric Rauchway talked about the relationship between Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt during the…

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    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Speech

    Sam Waterston read Lincoln's First Inaugural Speech. Historian Susan Schulten discussed how this speech…

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    Bell Ringer

    Politics and the Election of 1860

    Historian Susan Schulten discussed the significance of the election of 1860. She explained the issues…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Role of the Federal Government in Elections

    New America Foundation political reform project senior fellow Lee Drutman talked the federal…

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    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Evolution of Voting Machines

    CNET’s Laura Hautala talked about the how voting machines have developed throughout history.

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    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Age and Political Affiliation

    The Bipartisan Policy Center released the results of its “Election 2020: ‘States of Change’ in…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    District Systems in Maine and Nebraska and the Electoral College

    In these two clips, John Fortier, author of “After the People Vote: A Guide to the Electoral…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Idea of Proportional Allocation of Electoral Votes

    University of Baltimore Law Professor Kimberly Wehle talked about the electoral college and the idea of…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The History of Race and the Electoral College

    Harvard University Professor Alexander Keyssar offered his thoughts about the Electoral College and how…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Constitutional Foundation for State Voting Laws

    University of Baltimore Law Professor Kimberly Wehle talked about her book on the history and future of…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    History of Presidential Debates

    University of Missouri’s Mitchell McKinney talked about the history of presidential debates in the…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Purpose of Town Hall Debates

    University of Missouri’s Mitchell McKinney responded to a clip of the 1992 town hall debate between…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The History of Mail-In and Absentee Voting

    Bipartisan Policy Center’s John Fortier talked about the history of absentee and mail-in voting laws.…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Moderators for Presidential Debates

    The co-chairs of the Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) spoke about the process for selecting…

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    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    The Purpose and Format of the 2020 National Party Conventions

    In response to the first night of the 2020 Democratic National Convention, Washington Post Columnists…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Women in Elected Offices

    University of Virginia politics professor Jennifer Lawless talked about the number of women currently…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Comparing the Hispanic Vote in 2012, 2016, 2018, and 2020

    In this bell ringer, students will compare the results of the Hispanic vote in 2012 through predictions…

    User Created Content By frazerfrazer4
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Civic Engagement Trends

    Former Senator Bob Graham (D-FL) provides statistics from 2018 and trends of youth civic engagement. In…

    User Created Content By frazerfrazer4
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Term Limits and Gerrymandering

    University of Baltimore Law Professor Kimberly Wehle discussed term limits for Congress and the way that…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Laws Relating to Presidential Transitions

    White House Transition Project director Martha Joynt Kumar discussed the presidential transition process…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The 12th Amendment and the Election of 1800

    National Archives Specialist Christine Blackerby talks about the election of 1800 which led to the…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    Microtargeting in Political Campaigns

    Matt Dailer, deputy political director at the Republican National Committee, talked about the changes in…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Trends for Low- Information Voters

    At a discussion on how campaigns engage with nonvoters, pollster Caroline Bye and Northeastern…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The 1968 Democratic National Convention

    Lara Brown of George Washington University described the events leading up to the 1968 Democratic…

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    Bell Ringer

    The Significance of the Popular Vote in Presidential Elections

    Lara Brown of George Washington University discussed the times when the winner of the electoral vote and…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Early Formation of Political Parties

    Lara Brown of George Washington University explained the early formation of political parties that took…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
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    Bell Ringer

    How the Iowa Caucuses Work

    Iowa political reporter James Lynch talked about the history and importance of Iowa’s caucuses, which…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Washington Outsiders as Presidential Candidates

    Professor Emeritus Robert Schmuhl talked about the trend of outsiders as presidential candidates. He…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Development of the Current Two-Party System

    Lee Drutman talked about his book, Breaking the Two‑Party Doom Loop and discussed the development of…

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    Bell Ringer

    Do debates matter in elections?

    State debate commission officials and political scientists discussed the role that debates play in…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Celebrity Status and Presidential Candidates

    Historians Annette Gordon-Reed and Douglas Brinkley, and former Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Early Political Advertisements in the United States

    This bellringer studies the history of presidential political ads, through a visit to the University of…

    User Created Content By zachlowe1
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    James Garfield: The 20th President of the United States

    This bellringer highlights the life and personal characteristics of James. A Garfield, who hailed from…

    User Created Content By zachlowe1
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Electoral College Certification Procedure

    The House and Senate convened for a joint session of Congress to verify certificates and count electoral…

    User Created Content By maureeml
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    First Female Presidential Candidate: Victoria Woodhull

    Victoria Woodhull was the first woman to run for president. Victoria, along with her sister Tennessee…

    User Created Content By Eleanorgreen29
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Wyoming and Women's Suffrage

    These two clips feature author Charlotte Waisman describing the role of Wyoming in expanding early…

    User Created Content By Eleanorgreen29
    4 seconds
    38 Views
  • Document Image
    Bell Ringer

    The First Female Governor in the United States

    This bellringer highlights the campaign and tenure of Nellie Tayloe Ross, the first female governor in…

    User Created Content By zachlowe1
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Voter Turnout

    Voter turnout, or the choice by voters whether or not to participate in a given election, is impacted by…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Libertarianism

    Libertarian political ideology places a strong emphasis on individual freedom, a very limited role for…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    National Popular Vote and Presidential Elections

    National Popular Vote’s John Koza discussed his group’s effort to have states award all of their…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    California's "Top Two Primary" System

    Professor and author Michael Alvarez explains and evaluates California’s “Top-Two” primary system.

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Benefits of Early Primaries/Caucuses in New Hampshire and Iowa

    O. Kay Henderson of Radio Iowa and Paul Steinhauser of the Concord Monitor discussed the benefits of…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Midterm Elections

    The term "midterm election" refers to the election held midway through a presidential term of office,…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Poll Taxes

    Poll taxes, along with literacy tests and grandfather clauses, were structural barriers to voting…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Grandfather Clauses in the Jim Crow South

    Grandfather Clauses were a structural barrier to voting imposed by several states during the Jim Crow…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Third Parties

    The term "Third Party" in the United States represents any political party other than the two that…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Literacy Tests

    Literacy tests were a barrier to voting in common usage in Southern states, as well as other parts of…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Retrospective Voting

    Retrospective voting is the notion in political science that voters make their decisions in a given…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Efficacy

    Political efficacy is defined as the sense of an individual citizen that he or she is capable of…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Nineteenth Amendment

    The Nineteenth Amendment, providing that "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Participation

    Political Participation refers to the efforts of individual citizens to directly or indirectly impact…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Polarization and its Impact

    Political Polarization is defined by a division of people along party lines - in the United States, it's…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Ideology

    Political Ideology is generally defined in social science as a set of beliefs about what an effective…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Professional Campaign Consultants

    In the first clip, Democratic strategist Steve McMahon and Republican strategist Todd Harris talked…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Parties in the 1880s

    Historian Charles Calhoun talked about the electoral landscape for the Democrats and Republicans during…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The 1884 Presidential Election

    Historians Elizabeth Leonard and Earle Shettleworth discussed the 1884 presidential election between…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Compromise of 1877

    House of Representatives historian Matthew Wasniewski and House curator Farar Elliott discussed the…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Compulsory Voting

    Nicholas Stephanopoulos, an associate professor at the University of Chicago Law School, talked about…

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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Exit Polls

    Exit polls are surveys of small groups of voters taken as they leave selected voting sites. The results…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Focus Groups

    A focus group is a collection of individuals with some commonality brought together to provide in-depth,…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Presidential Campaign Announcements and Campaign Fundraising

    Sheila Krumholz talked about campaign fundraising rules and regulations for declared and undeclared…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Polling

    POLLING DATA - a measure of citizens' views on issues or candidates at a given time, and overall trends…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Push Polls

    Unlike a traditional opinion poll, which seeks to measure public sentiment on a particular issue or…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Political Culture

    The term "political culture" refers to a shared set of views and values within a society as they pertain…

    User Created Content By sunshinecavalluzzi
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The History of State Voting Methods

    Michael McDonald examined the history of early voting in the United States. He discussed early voting in…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Retired Justice John Paul Stevens on the Bush v. Gore Decision

    Speaking to a crowd in Boca Raton, Florida, retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens spoke…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Different Types of Political Action Committees (PACs)

    CQ Roll Call lobbying reporter Kate Ackley discussed the differences between various types of PACs and…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    What is Dark Money?

    Issue One’s Michael Beckel talked about the findings of the group’s year-long investigation into…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Ballot Measures and Direct Democracy

    The Hill National Correspondent Reid Wilson discusses ballot measures and ways that voters can…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Electoral College

    The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution.…

    User Created Content By swifta
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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Sampling Error and the Margin of Error

    Sampling error in polling describes the difference between the results of random samples taken at the…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Representative Samples and How Polling Works

    CBS Elections and Surveys Director Anthony Salvanto discussed how polling and surveys work and addressed…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Leadership PACs

    Issue One’s Meredith McGehee talked about leadership Political Action Committees (PACs) which allow…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Opposition Research

    Opposition research is used by candidates during campaigns in order to find out information about their…

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    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Role of the Federal Election Commission

    Dave Levinthal, reporter for the Center for Public Integrity, discussed the Federal Election Commission…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Ranked Choice Voting

    Krist Novoselic talked about his work as chair of FairVote, an organization that advocates for a variety…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Comparing Trump & Obama Victory Speeches

    Barack Obama and Donald Trump are noted as being charismatic individuals. Compare the tone and delivery…

    User Created Content By rdegregorio
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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Voter ID Laws

    Hans Von Spakovsky of the Heritage Foundation and Lauren Murphy of the American Civil Liberties Union…

    User Created Content By mbeck
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Richard Nixon 1960 vs 1968

    Comparing both the campaign style of Richard Nixon and the style of TV production from the 1960 to 1968…

    User Created Content By kjohnson37
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Voter ID Laws

    What are Voter Identification laws? In the past decade, many states have created or strengthened what…

    User Created Content By rdegregorio
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    National Voter Registration Act or The Motor Voter Act

    These clips help explain the National Voter Registration Act, commonly referred to as The Motor Voter…

    User Created Content By jobphillips
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Hatch Act of 1939

    These video clips help explain the Hatch Act of 1939. The first clip is a brief explanation of the Act.…

    User Created Content By jobphillips
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA)

    These two video clips explain the Help America Vote Act of 2002, also known as HAVA. The first clip…

    User Created Content By jobphillips
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    National Popular Vote

    National popular vote seeks to ensure that the presidential candidate who wins the most popular votes…

    User Created Content By swifta
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Reasons for Debates in Campaigns

    Mike McCurry, Co-Chair of the Commission on Presidential Debates talked about the role that debates plan…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Grassroots Activism

    Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) discussed how grassroots movements have been used to advance social change…

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    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Youth Involvement in 19th Century Politics

    Jon Grinspan, author of The Virgin Vote: How Young Americans Made Democracy Social, Politics Personal,…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Impact of Citizens United v. FEC

    Christian Berg, former Deputy General Counsel for Citizens United, and Meredith McGehee, Policy Director…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Restrictions on Super PACs and Candidates

    Meredith McGehee, Policy Director at the Campaign Legal Center, and Christian Berg, former Deputy…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Buckley v. Valeo and Campaign Finance Reform

    Allie Boldt, Money in Politics Legal Fellow at Demos, explained the ruling in the Supreme Court Case…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Types of Political Campaign Ads

    Lisa Henry, archivist and curator at the Julian P. Kanter Political Commercial Archive, explains types…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    The Republican Party and Blue Collar Conservatism

    Senior Fellow at the Ethics and Policy Center, Henry Olsen explained the concepts of Reagan Democrats,…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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    Bell Ringer

    Time Spent Fundraising in Congress

    Issue One CEO Nick Penniman talked about the amount of time that members of Congress spend fundraising.…

    User-Created Content By C-SPAN Classroom
    4 seconds
    38 Views
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