U.S. Senate Rejects White House and Bipartisan Immigration Proposals
Senate Session - May 23, 2011
Speakers:
Time
Action
  • 02:00:26 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATE WILL COME TO ORDER. THE CHAPLAIN, DR. BARRY BLACK, WILL LEAD…

    THE SENATE WILL COME TO ORDER. THE CHAPLAIN, DR. BARRY BLACK, WILL LEAD THE SENATE IN PRAYER.

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  • 02:00:43 PM

    THE CHAPLAIN

    PRAY. ALMIGHTY GOD, SOURCE OF ENABLING STRENGTH, SUSTAIN OUR SENATORS NOT…

    PRAY. ALMIGHTY GOD, SOURCE OF ENABLING STRENGTH, SUSTAIN OUR SENATORS NOT ONLY IN THE GREAT MOMENTS BUT ALSO IN THE REPETITIVE AND COMMON TASK OF LIFE. ESTABLISH THEIR WORK, STRENGTHENING THEM TO HONOR YOU BY SERVING OTHERS. LORD, MAKE THEM AGENTS OF HEALING AND HOPE, AS THEY HELP PEOPLE LIVE IN GREATER JUSTICE AND PEACE. EMPOWER THEM TO DAILY DEVELOP GREATER RESPECT AND SUBMISSION TO YOUR COMMANDS. FILL THEM WITH YOUR LIFE-GIVING SPIRIT SO THAT THEY WILL FEEL GREATER COMPASSION FOR THOSE ON LIFE'S MARGINS. WE PRAY IN YOUR LOVING NAME. AMEN.

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  • 02:02:01 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    PRESIDING OFFICER: PLEASE JOIN ME IN RECITING THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE TO…

    PRESIDING OFFICER: PLEASE JOIN ME IN RECITING THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE TO THE FLAG. I PLEDGE ALLEGIANCE TO THE FLAG OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND TO THE REPUBLIC FOR WHICH IT STANDS, ONE NATION UNDER GOD, INDIVISIBLE, WITH LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL.

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  • 02:02:29 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    PRESIDING OFFICER: THE CLERK WILL READ A COMMUNICATION TO THE SENATE.

  • 02:02:32 PM

    THE CLERK

    WASHINGTON, D.C, MAY 23, 2011. TO THE SENATE: UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF RULE…

    WASHINGTON, D.C, MAY 23, 2011. TO THE SENATE: UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF RULE 1, PARAGRAPH 3, OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE, I HEREBY APPOINT THE HONORABLE RICHARD BLUMENTHAL, A SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, TO PERFORM THE DUTIES OF THE CHAIR. SIGNED: DANIEL K. INOUYE, PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE.

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  • 02:02:51 PM

    MR. REID

    FOLLOWING LEADER REMARKS, IF ANY, THE SENATE WILL BE IN A PERIOD OF…

    FOLLOWING LEADER REMARKS, IF ANY, THE SENATE WILL BE IN A PERIOD OF MORNING BUSINESS UNTIL 3:00 P.M. TODAY. DURING THAT PERIOD OF TIME, SENATORS WILL BE ALLOWED TO SPEAK FOR UP TO TEN MINUTES EACH. AT 3:00 P.M., THE SENATE WILL RESUME CONSIDERATION OF THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO THE PATRIOT ACT. THE TIME UNTIL 5:00 P.M. WILL BE EQUALLY DIVIDED AND CONTROLLED SO AT 5:00 THERE, WILL BE A ROLL CALL VOTE ON THE MOTION TO INVOKE CLOTURE ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO THE PATRIOT ACT. MR. PRESIDENT, THIS WILL BE A BUSY WEEK IN THE SENATE. WE HAVE TO RENEW THE PATRIOT ACT ACT. IT'S NOT A PERFECT LAW BUT IT PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN KEEPING OUR COUNTRY SAFE. WE ALSO HAVE TO REAUTHORIZE THE F.A.A. BILL, THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION. WE ALL KNOW WHAT WILL BE THE FOCUS OF THIS WEEK'S BIGGEST DEBATE AND BIGGEST HEADLINES. THE PRIMARY CONVERSATION THIS WEEK WILL BE ABOUT THE REPUBLICANS' PLAN TO KILL MEDICARE. PEOPLE ARE TALKING A LOT ABOUT THAT PLAN BECAUSE THERE'S A LOT PEOPLE HAVE TO FEAR. THE REPUBLICAN PLAN WOULD SHATTER A CORNERSTONE OF OUR SOCIETY AND WOULD BREAK OUR PROMISE TO THE ELDERLY AND TO THE SICK. WOULD TURN OUR SENIORS' HEALTH TO PROFIT-HUNGRY INSURANCE COMPANIES, WOULD LET BUREAUCRATS DECIDE WHAT TESTS AND TREATMENTS SENIORS GET, AND IT WOULD ASK SENIORS TO PAY MORE FOR HEALTH CARE IN EXCHANGE FOR FEWER BENEFITS. THAT'S A BAD DEAL ALL AROUND. SO IT'S EASY TO UNDERSTAND WHY THE AMERICAN PEOPLE DON'T SUPPORT IT. DEMOCRATS, REPUBLICANS, AND INDEPENDENTS DO NOT SUPPORT THE PLAN TO KILL MEDICARE OR TO CHANGE IT AS WE KNOW IT. I WON'T SUPPORT IT AND THOUGH THE REPUBLICAN HOUSE PASSED THE MEDICARE-KILLING PLAN ALMOST UNANIMOUSLY, SOMETIMES IT'S DIFFICULT TO TELL WHERE REPUBLICAN PARTY STANDS GENERALLY. ALSO HOW QUICKLY ONE PROMINENT REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE SPUN HIMSELF INTO CIRCLES LAST WEEK. FIRST HE CALLED THE PLAN FOR WHAT IT WAS -- RADICAL. HE SAID IT WAS RIGHT-WING SOCIAL ENGINEERING. THAT'S A QUOTE. HOURS LATER, AFTER REPUBLICANS JUMPED ALL OVER HIM, HE REVERSED COURSE AND SAID HE SUPPORTS THE PLAN TO KILL MEDICARE. REMEMBER, HE SAID, IT'S RADICAL, IT'S RIGHT-WING SOCIAL ENGINEERING AND SUDDENLY HE SAYS IT'S OKAY. THAT IS SOME REAL INTERESTING GYMNASTICS. ANOTHER PROMINENT REPUBLICAN, ONE WHO SERVES IN THIS BODY, HAS BEEN ALL OVER THE MAP AS WELL. FIRST HE SAID, IN HIS WORDS, "THANK GOD FOR THE REPUBLICAN PLAN TO KILL MEDICARE." DIRECT QUOTE. THEN HE SAID HE WAS UNDECIDED. AND NOW HE SAYS HE OPPOSE IT. -- OPPOSES IT. WELL, TUNE IN TOMORROW OR MAYBE THIS EVENING TO SEE IF HE CHANGES HIS MIND AGAIN. OUR REPUBLICANS COLLEAGUES CAN'T SEEM TO BELIEVE THE SAME THING TODAY THAT THEY SAID YESTERDAY. BUT WHEN DEMOCRATS TALK ABOUT MEDICARE, WE STILL BELIEVE TODAY THE SAME THING WE BELIEVED YEARS AGO, DECADES AGO, GENERATIONS AGO, WE BELIEVE IN OUR RESPONSIBILITY TO EACH OTHER AND ESPECIALLY THOSE IN THEIR GOLDEN YEARS. 46 YEARS AGO THIS SUMMER, PRESIDENT LYNDON JOHNSON, A FORMER MEDICAL OF THIS BODY -- FORMER MAJORITY LEADER OF THIS BODY, SIGNED MEDICARE INTO LAW. AS HE DID DID SO, HE SAID THE FOLLOWING -- "FEW CAN SEE PAST THE BATTLES TO THE DOCTOR OVER THAT THERE THAT IS ATTENDING TO THE INFIRMED, OR THOSE RECEIVING ANGUISH OR FEEL IN THEIR HEART THE PAINFUL WRATH WHICH DENIES THE MIRACLE OF HEALING TO THE OLD AND TO THE POOR." THOSE INJUSTICES DON'T EXIST LIKE THEY USED TO BECAUSE OF MEDICARE BUT THEY STILL EXIST, POTENTIALLY THEY'RE STILL OUT THERE. THE OLD AND THE POOR AMONG US STILL SEEK HELP IN HEALING AND IT'S STILL OUR RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT NOT ON POLITICAL IMPULSE BUT WITH HUMAN PERSON AND COMPASSION. IT IS STILL OUR RESPONSIBILITY NOT TO BE MOTIVATED BY SHORT-TERM POLITICS BUT TO BE MOVED BY THE PEOPLE WHO NEED MEDICARE, THE PEOPLE WHO COUNT ON THIS SAFETY NET TO TAKE THEM FROM POVERTY, ILLNESS, AND, WORSE, DEATH. IF WE PAY ATTENTION TO THOSE PEOPLE, WE'LL NOTICE SOMETHING ELSE ALSO, MR. PRESIDENT. WHILE REPUBLICANS ARE TRIPPING OVER THEMSELVES IN TRYING TO DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT THEY WANT KILL MEDICARE, YOU KNOW WHO HASN'T CHANGED THEIR MIND AT INSTALL THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. WE'RE ON THEIR SIDE. THEY HAVEN'T WAVERED ONE INCH. THEY'VE BEEN AS CONSTANT AS REPUBLICANS HAVE BEEN ERRATIC. THEY HAVE BEEN CONSISTENT AND THEY HAVE BEEN CLEAR. THEY DON'T WANT US TO DESTROY THEIR MEDICARE, THEIR MEDICARE. WE OWE IT TO THEM TO LISTEN. WOULD THE CHAIR ANNOUNCE MORNING BUSINESS.

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  • 02:07:27 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER, THE LEADERSHIP SOMETIME RESERVED. UNDER THE…

    UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER, THE LEADERSHIP SOMETIME RESERVED. UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER, THE SENATE WILL BE IN A PERIOD OF MORNING BUSINESS UNTIL 3:00 P.M. WITH SENATORS PERMITTED TO SPEAK THEREIN FOR UP TO TEN MINUTES EACH.

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  • 02:07:41 PM

    MR. REID

    THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

  • 02:07:43 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?

  • 02:08:00 PM

    Quorum Call

  • 02:14:05 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE SENATOR FROM ALASKAMENT ALASKA. A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, ASK…

    OFFICER: THE SENATOR FROM ALASKAMENT ALASKA. A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, ASK THAT FURTHER PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE QUORUM CALL BE DISPENSED WITH.

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  • 02:14:13 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

  • 02:14:27 PM

    MS. MURKOWSKI

    THE ARCTIC COUNCIL WAS FOUNDED BACK IN 1995 AND IT'S AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL…

    THE ARCTIC COUNCIL WAS FOUNDED BACK IN 1995 AND IT'S AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL ASSOCIATION. THERE'S EIGHT MEMBER STATES WITHIN THE TERRITORY THAT IS CONTAINED WITHIN THE ARCTIC CIRCLE. THE GROUP INCLUDES CANADA, DENMARK, FINLAND, ICELAND, NORWAY, SWEDEN, THE RUSSIAN FED RATION,FEDERATION, AND, OF COURSE, THE UNITED STATES. THERE ARE ALSO SIX PERMANENT PARTICIPANTS REPRESENTING THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF THE REGION. THE TRIP WAS HISTORIC FOR A COUPLE REASONS. FIRST, IT WAS THE FIRST TIME THAT A SECRETARY OF STATE HAD LED THE UNITED STATES DELEGATION TO THE ARCTIC COUNCIL. AND THE FACT THAT NOT ONLY SECRETARY CLINTON LED IT AS THE SECRETARY OF STATE BUT SHE WAS JOINED BY A SECOND SECRETARY, SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, CERTAINLY MADE THAT HISTORIC. IT WAS ALSO THE FIRST TIME THAT A MEMBER OF CONGRESS HAD ATTENDED THE ARCTIC COUNCIL MEETING. WE MET WITH FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE EIGHT ARCTIC COUNCIL NATIONS AND THE REMENTZ OF INDIGENOUS GROUPS TO DISCUSS ISSUES THAT ARE RELATED TO ARCTIC GOVERNANCE, TO CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, AND WATCHED THE MINISTERS SIGN AN HISTORIC SEARCH-AND-RESCUE AGREEMENT. THE ARCTIC COUNCIL ALSO INCREASED ITS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE. THEY FORMED A STANDING SECRETARIAT THAT WILL BE ESTABLISHED IN NORWAY AND THEY ALSO ESTABLISHED CRITERIA FOR THE ADMISSION OF OBSERVERS TO THE COUNCIL. THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, JAPAN, REPUBLIC OF KOREA, ITALY, AND THE EUROPEAN UNION ARE ALL SEEKING OBSERVER STATUS TO THE ARCTIC COUNCIL. WHICH MIGHT CAUSE SOME TO WONDER, WHY ARE ALL THESE NONARCTIC NATIONS INTERESTED IN WHAT IS GOING ON WITHIN THE ARCTIC? I THINK THAT JUST SPEAKS TO THE EVOLVING ROLE OF THE ARCTIC IN GEO POLITICS, IN THE WORLD AS WE KNOW IT TODAY. THE SEARCH-AND-RESCUE AGREEMENT, THE FIRST-EVER LEGALLY BINDING AGREEMENT BETWEEN ARCTIC STATES NEGOTIATED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE ARCTIC COUNCIL, WILL STRENGTHEN THE COOPERATION ON SEARCH AND RESCUE BETWEEN ARCTIC STATES. AS THE ARCTIC SEA ICE DECREASES, MARITIME ACTIVITIES ARE CLEARLY ON THE RISE IN THE ARCTIC. AVIATION TRAFFIC IS ALSO ON THE RISE, AS WE SEE NO NEW POLAR AVIATION ROUTES CROSS THE ARCTIC AIRSPACE IN SEVERAL DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS. BUT LIMITED RESOURCE -- RESCUE RESOURCES, CHALLENGING WEATHER CONDITIONS, AND THE REMOTENESS OF THE AREA RENDER THE OPERATIONS DIFFICULT IN THE ARCTIC, MAKING IT SO VERY, VERY IMPORTANT THAT WE HAVE THIS COORDINATION AMONGST THE ARCTIC NATIONS. NOW, UNDER THE AGREEMENT ON THE U.S. SIDE, THE COAST GUARD WILL BE THE LEAD FEDERAL AGENCY FOR THE SEARCH AND RESCUE IN THE ARCTIC. AND WHILE WE PLOD THE ROLE THAT THE COAST GUARD PLAYS HISTORICALLY, VERY LONG, DISTINGUISHED HISTORY OF OPERATING AND CUKING RESCUES IN THE ARCTIC, THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE COAST GUARD'S STATUS AND AVIATION FLEETS MAKES CONDUCTING SEARCH-AND-RESCUE OPERATIONS IN THE ARCTIC VERY CHALLENGING. WITH A SCHEDULE DECOMMISSIONING OF THE POLAR SEA, THE COAST GUARD WILL MAINTAIN ONLY ONE -- ONLY ONE HEAVY ICEBREAKER IN ITS FLEET, AND IT'S NOT EXPECTED TO RETURN TO SERVICE UNTIL THE YEAR 12013. THEY'RE DOING SOME WORK ON THAT. AND WHILE THE COAST GUARD DOES VO A MEDIUM -- DOES HAVE A MEDIUM ENDURANCE ICEBREAKER, THE CURTER IS CLEARLY NOT EQUIPPED TO HANDLE THE ICE THAT IS PRESENT WNT ARCTIC. ON THE AVIATION SIDE OF THE COAST GUARD OPERATIONS, THE COAST GUARD C-130 AIRCRAFT STATIONS IN KODIAK, ALASKA, ARE THE ONLY AIRCRAFT IN THEIR INVENTORY THAT ARE CAPABLE TO MAKE THE DIRECT FLIGHTS TO THE ARCTIC. SO JUST TO KIND OF GIVE YOU SOME SENSE OF THE SCOPE, HERE'S THE MAP OF THE ARCTIC. THE UNITED STATES IS UP HERE. AND EVERYTHING IS UPSIDE DOWN, SO I APOLOGIZE FOR THAT. BUT THAT'S THE WAY THE WORLD IS. KODIAK, THE ISLAND OFF THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE STATE HERE, BARROW HERE -- THIS IS WHERE THE AIR ASSETS ARE STATIONED IN KODIAK. SO TO GET TO ANY SEARCH SEARCH-AND-RESCUE OPERATIONS IN THE CHUKCHI, IN THE BEAUFORT OFF OF BARROW OR PRUDHOE, IT'S OVER 900 MILES. IT'S THE SAME DISTANCE, MR. PRESIDENT, AS THE DISTANCE BETWEEN WASHINGTON, D.C., AND MIAMI. SO IF THERE WERE AN INCIDENT IN MIAMI, THE HELICOPTERS HAVE TO FLY FROM WASHINGTON TO GET THERE TO PROVIDE FOR THE RESCUE. AND GIVEN THE OFTEN HARSH WEATHER CONDITIONS IN THE ARCTIC COMBINED WITH A LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE TO PROVIDE FOR ANY FORWARD-DEPLOYED DEBASING OF HELICOPTERS, THE COAST GUARD C-30'S CAN POSSIBLY FROI THE "SEARCH" PART OF THE RESCUE, BUT IT'S VERY DIFFICULT TO GET TO THE RESCUE SIDE. TH LACK OF MARITIME RESOURCES AND SHORE-BASED INFRASTRUCTURE TO PROTECT OUR AVIATION RESOURCES PLACES THE COAST GUARD AND THE UNITED STATES IN A DIFFICULT SITUATION IN THE ARCTIC. AND WITHOUT CONCERTED EFFORTS AND A FOCUSED POLICY FOR THE ARCTIC, THE UNITED STATES AND OUR COAST GUARD ARE GOING TO CONTINUE TO BE ILL 46-EQUIPPED TO CONDUCT THE SEARCH-AND-RESCUE OPERATIONS THAT ARE GOING TO BECOME INCREASINGLY NECESSARY AS AMOUNTS OF SEA ICE CONTINUE TO DIMINISH UNDERSTAND THE LEVELS OF ARCTIC MARINE MARITIME VESSEL TRAFFIC INCREASE, AS FORMER ADMIRAL ALLEN, FORMER COMMANDANT OF THE COAST GUARD WOULD SAY, YOU KNOW, I CAN'T DISCUSS TOO MUCH ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE, BUT I CAN TELL YOU THAT THERE IS MORE SEA, MORE OPEN SEA THAT I AM RESPONSIBLE FOR IN THE ARCTIC. WE'RE CLEARLY SEEING THAT. IT'S BEEN PROJECTED THAT A SEASONAL ICE-FREE ARCTIC OCEAN WAS DECADE AWAY UNDERSTAND THAT THAT MARITIME SHIPPING THROUGH THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE, THROUGH THE NORTHERN SEA ROUTE ABOVE RUSSIA AND THE DIRECT TRANSIT ACROSS THE ARCTIC OCEAN WERE GOING TO BE FEW AND FAR TBEEN. BUT LAST YEAR, LAST YEAR RUSSIA SENT A LARGE ICE-BREAKING BULK TANKER THROUGH THE NORTHERN SEA ROUTE AND ACROSS THE ARCTIC CARRYING HYDROCARBONS BOUND FOR ASIA. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION HAS RECEIVED 15 ICEBREAKER ESCORT REQUESTS TO PROVIDE NAVIGATIONAL SUPPORT THROUGH THE NORTHERN SEA ROUTE FOR THIS YEEMPLET COMPARE THAT TO LAST YEAR WHEN THEY ONLY HAD THREE REQUESTS. SO YOU CAN SEE THE LEVEL OF COMMERCE STEPPING UP. TRANSIT THROUGH THE NORTHERN SEA ROUTE OR THE NORTHEAST PASSAGE, AS IT'S ALSO CALLED, CUTS 5,000 MILES AND EIGHT DAYS OFF OF THE SUEZ ROUTE BETWEEN EUROPE AND ASIA. SO YOU CAN SEE WHY OTHER NATIONS WOULD HAVE AN INTEREST IN WHAT'S GOING ON UP THERE IF THEY CAN CUT THEIR TRANSIT TIME, IT'S MONEY AND AN FIEWNTS FOR THEM. INTEREST IN THE ARCTIC BY BOTH THE GENERAL PUBLIC, THE MEDIA, AND THE ARCTIC AND THE NONARCTIC NATIONS CONTINUES TO GROW FOR MANY, MANY REASONS. THE ARCTIC IS A VAST AREA. YOU CAN SEE FROM THE MAP HERE, IT IS ESSENTIALLY ONE-SIXTH OF THE EARTH'S LAND MASS. IT HAS A POPULATION WITHIN THE ARCTIC AREA -- THIS RED LINE, IF YOU CAN SEE IT, IS ESSENTIALLY ALL OF THE ARCTIC NATIONS. BUT THE GOVERNMENTS THAT ARE CONTAINED WITHIN THE SOME 4 MILLION PEOPLE WHO LIVE WITHIN THIS REGION, OVER 30 DIFFERENT INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, DOZENS OF LANGUAGES, AND WHILE THE LAND IS CLEARLY MASSIVE IN SIZE AND RELATIVELY BARON, IT'S NOT LIKE ANTARCTICA WHERE THERE ARE NO INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND NO GOVERNMENTS. THE ARCTIC HOLDS CLEARLY VAST AMOUNTS OF ENERGY. WE'VE KNOWN THIS FOR SOMETIME, BUT UNTIL RECENTLY THE RESOURCES OF THE ARCTIC WERE DEEMED TO JUST BE TOO DIFFICULT TO ACCESS. THEY'RE COVERED WITH ICE. THEY'RE DIFFICULT TO ACCESS. THEY'RE EXPENSIVE TO DEVELOP. BUT WITH INCREASING ACCESS AND HIGH ENERGY AND MINERAL PRICES, THE ARCTIC'S WEALTH, WHICH IS ESTIMATED TO CONTAIN APPROXIMATELY 22% OF THE WORLD'S REMAINING OIL AND GAS RESERVES -- 22% OF THE WORLD'S REMAINING OIL AND GAS RESERVES WITHIN THE ARCTIC AREA -- OBVIOUSLY, GREAT TRVMENT IT IS NOW BEING ACTIVELY EXPLORED AND DEVELOPED. SIX OF THE EIGHT ARCTIC NATIONS ARE EXPLORING OR DEVELOPING ENERGY RESOURCES IN THEIR OWN WAWRTDZ. AND THIS MAKES ENERGY EXPLORATION PERHAPS AMONG THE MORE IMPORTANT AND PERHAPS THE MOST SERIOUS ISSUES FOR ARCTIC POLICY AS WE MOVE FORWARD. THIS INCLUDES CONVENTIONAL OIL AND NATURAL GAS BUT ALSO THE METHANE HYDRATES AND SOME OF THE OTHER LESS CONVENTIONAL FORUMS. OFFSHORE ALASKA, WE ARE EXPECTING OR ESTIMATING ABOUT 15 BILLION BARRELS OF OIL IN A CONCENTRATED AREA OF THE CHUKCHI. SO IN THIS AREA. AND THEN OVER IN THE BEAUFORT HERE ABOUT 8 BILLION BARRELS. WE HAVE SUFFERED SERIOUS DELAYS IN EXPLORATION, BUT I'M HOPEFUL THAT WE WILL SEE EXPLORATORY WELLS PROVE UP THIS NEXT SUMPLET AND WHILE THE UNITED STATES GEE LOGIC SURVEY TELLS US THAT THE REGION HAS THE WORLD'S LARGEST UNEXPLORED GAS DEPOSITS, WE ALSO THINK THAT IT HOLDS HUGE AMOUNTS OF OTHER MINERALS LIKE COAL AND NICKEL, COPPER, TUNGSTEN, LINK, GOLD, SILVER, MANGANESE, TITANIUM -- THE POTENTIAL FOR THE MINERAL RESOURCE IS EQUALLY SIGNIFICANT. BUT THERE'S A NATURAL AND SOMETIMES REFLECTIVE TENDENCY TO QUESTION HOW IN THE WORLD IT CAN EVER BE SAFE OR EVEN ECONOMIC TO DRILL AND PRODUCE IN SUCH A HARSH, MISUNDERSTOOD AND CLEARLY DISTANT ENVIRONMENT. BUT IT IS HAPPENING, MR. PRESIDENT. IT IS HAPPENING TODAY. AND THE TECHNOLOGY AND THE ENGINEERING BEHIND SOME OF THE EXISTING AND PROPOSED ACTIVITIES IS ADVANCING RATHER RAPIDLY. AND WHILE WE STRUGGLE HERE IN THE UNITED STATES TO MOVE AHEAD WITH OFFSHORE DEVELOPMENT IN ALASKA WATERS, OUR NEIGHBORS ARE RAPIDLY MOVING FORWARD ON ARCTIC ENERGY DEVELOPMENT. RUSSIA, WHICH IS JUST -- JUST 53 MILES FROM ALASKA'S SHORELINE -- IS TURNING ITS EYE TO THE ARCTIC LES VAST ENERGY RESERVES, AS THEY ARE BUILDING THE FIRST OFFSHORE OIL RIG THAT CAN WITHSTAND TEMPERATURES AS LOW AS 50-MINUS -- -50 CELSIUS. NORWAY HAS BEEN EXPLORING AND PRODUCING ENERGY IN THE ARCTIC THE LONGEST OF THE ARCTIC NATIONS. THEY HAVE FOUND THE WAY, REALLY LED THE WAY FOR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AND OTHER ACTIVITIES LIKE FISHERIES TO COEXIST AND THEY ALSO LEAD THE WORLTD IN DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGY CLEAN UP OIL IN ARCTIC WAWRTDZ. ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AS WE WILL AS PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT MUST GO HAND IN HAND. IT IS AS SIMPLE AS THAT. I WAS PLEASED THAT THE ARCTIC COUNCIL ANNOUNCED THE FORMATION AFTER NEW TASK FORCE THAT WILL NEGOTIATE MEASURES FOR OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE THROUGHOUT THE REGION. THE DECISION TO LAUNCH THESE NEGOTIATIONS IS EVIDENCE OF THE STRONG COMMITMENT TO PROACTIVELY ADDRESS EMERGING ISSUES WITHIN THE REGION AND TO CREATE INTERNATIONAL PROTOCOLS TO PREVENT AND CLEAN UP OFFSHORE OIL SPILLS IN AREAS OF THE REGION THAT ARE BECOMING INCREASINGLY ACCESSIBLE TO EXPLORATION BECAUSE OF A CHANGE CLIMATE. MR. PRESIDENT, ONE QUESTION THAT I WAS ASKED SEEMINGLY EVERYWHERE THAT I WENT WHEN I WAS IN GREENLAND WAS, WHAT IS THE UNITED STATES' POSITION ON A SEA TREATY? THE U.S. DELEGATION REITERATED ITS SUPPORT FOR THE LAW OF THE SEAVMENT I HAPPEN TO BELIEVE THAT IT IS CRUCIAL THAT THE UNITED STATES BE A PARTY TO THIS TREATY RATHER THAN AN OUTSIDER WHO HOPES THAT OUR INTERESTS ARE NOT GOING TO BE DAMAGED. A ASESSION TO THE CONVENTION WOULD GIVE CURRENT AND FUTURE ADMINISTRATIONS BOTH ENHANCED CREDIBILITY AND LEVERAGE IN CALLING UPON OTHER NATIONS TO MEET CONVENTION RESPONSIBILITIES. AND GIVEN THE SUPPORT FOR THE TREATY BY ARCTIC STATION NAILINGS AND THE DRIVE TO DEVELOP NATURAL RESOURCES, THE TREATY WILL ALSO PROVIDE THE STABILITY AND THE CERTAINTY THAT IS VITAL FOR INVESTMENT IN OUR MARITIME COMMERCE. I THINK IT SHOULD BE POINTED OUT THAT THE UNITED STATES IS THE ONLY ARCTIC NATION THAT IS NOT PARTY TO THE LAW OF THE SEA CONVENTION, THE TREATY WAS FIRST SUBMITTED TO THE UNITED STATES FOR APPROVAL BACK IN 1994. IT HAS NOT BEEN APPROVED YET. CANADA AND DENMARKED THE TREATY IN 2003 AND 2504 RESPECTIVELY. BUT UNTIL THE UNITED STATES ACCEDES TO THE TREATY, IT CANNOT SUBMIT ITS DATA REGARDING THE EXTENT OF ITS EXTENDED CONTINENTAL SHELF TO THE COMMISSION ON THE LIMITS OF THE CONTINENTAL SHELF ESTABLISHED UNDER THE TREATY. SO WITHOUT A COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION REGARDING SUCH DARKTS THE LEGAL FOUNDATION FOR E.C.S. LIMIT AS MUCH AS LESS CERTAIN THAN IF THE UNITED STATES WERE PART OF THE TREATY. NOW, RUSSIA HAS SUBMITTED AN EXTENDED CONTINENTAL SHELF CLAIM BACK IN 2K 002 THAT WOULD GRANT THEM 460,000 SQUARE MILES OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN'S INTOMENT RESOURCES. YOU CAN SEE THE GREEN HERE IS RUSSIA'S EXTENDED CONTINENTAL SHELF. BUT THIS LIGHTER GREEN IS THE AREA THAT RUSSIA HAS SUBMITTED TO THE COMMISSION. THIS IS AN AREA THE SIZE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS, CALIFORNIA, AND INDIANA COMBINED. NOW, DENMARK AND CANADA ARE ALSO ANXIOUS TO ESTABLISH THEIR CLAIMS IN THE ARCTIC. NORWAY'S CLAIM IS UNDER REVIEW. ACCORDING TO THE U.S. ARCTIC RESEARCH COMMISSION, IF THE UNITED STATES WERE TO BECOME A PARTY TO THE TREATY, WE COULD LAY CLAIM TO AN AREA THE SIZE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. SO IF YOU LOOK AGAIN -- ALASKA AGAIN UP ON THE TOP -- THIS AREA HERE IS AREA THAT IS WITHIN THE UNITED STATES, THIS 200-3450EU8 AREA. BUT THIS AREA HERE, AN AREA ABOUT THE SIZE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IS WHAT OUR MAPPING INDICATES THAT WE WOULD BE ABLE TO SUBMIT A CLAIM TO THE COMMISSION IF WE WERE PARTY TO THE TREATY. SO, THIS WHOLE AREA, AGAIN, WOULD BE AREA THAT THE UNITED STATES WOULD BE ABLE TO CLAIM. IF WE FAIL TO ACCEDE TO THE TREATY AND WE ARE SITTING ON THE OUTSIDE, WE HAVE NO RIGHT TO MOVE FORWARD WITH OUR CLAIM. IF WE DO NOT BECOME A PARTY TO THE TREATY, OUR OPPORTUNITY TO MAKE THE CLAIM AND HAVE THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RESPECT IT DIMINISHES CONSIDERABLY, AS DOES OUR ABILITY TO CHALLENGE THE CLAIMS OF ANY OTHER NATION. NOW, SOME HAVE DESCRIBED THE SCENARIO IN THE ARCTIC AS A RACE FOR RESOURCES OR EVEN AN ARMS RACE, BUT I WILL TELL THAT YOU AFTER SEEING THE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AT THE ARCTIC COUNCIL, I BELIEVE THAT WHAT WE HAVE IS AN OPPORTUNITY. THIS SHOULD BE A RACE FOR COOPERATION, A RACE FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT WITHIN THE ARCTIC. THE ARCTIC OFFERS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO WORK COLLABORATIVELY. IT IS ONE AREA WHERE THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION CAN HIGHLIGHT THE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ITS U.S. FOREIGN POLICY. YOU THINK ABOUT WHAT THE ADMINISTRATION IS POISED TO DO WITH THE RESET WITH RUSSIA, I THINK THE ARCTIC IS A PERFECT AREA TO DO JUST THAT. SO REALLY WHAT DOES THE FUTURE HOLD FOR THE ARCTIC? I BELIEVE THAT THE PACE OF CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC DEMANDS, ABSOLUTELY DEMANDS THAT GREATER ATTENTION BE FOCUSED TO THE ARCTIC. AND I WILL TELL YOU IT WAS MUSIC TO MY EARS TO HEAR THE SECRETARY OF STATE ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THE UNITED STATES IS ANTARCTIC NATION. WE ARE AN ARCTIC NATION BECAUSE OF A ALASKA AND ITS PEOPLES. THAT WAS INCREDIBLY SIGNIFICANT NOT ONLY AS A UNITED STATES CITIZEN TO HEAR THAT, BUT FOR THE OTHER ARCTIC NATIONS TO HEAR THAT STATEMENT FROM OUR SECRETARY OF THE. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE DYNAMIC CHANGING ARCTIC FOR U.S. SECURITY, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL AND POLITICAL INTERESTS REALLY DEPENDS ON GREATER ATTENTION, GREATER ENERGY AND GREATER FOCUS ON THE ARCTIC ITSELF. BUT IT WILL TAKE ROBUST DIPLOMACY AND VERY LIKELY RECOGNITION, AS SECRETARY CLINTON HAS REMINDED US, THAT THE INTEREST IN THE ARCTIC IS NOT JUST LIMITED TO THE FIVE ARCTIC NATIONS -- OR THE ARCTIC COASTAL STATES, OR EVEN THE EIGHT COUNTRIES THAT MAKE UP THE PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE ARCTIC COUNCIL. IT WILL TAKE A LEVEL OF COOPERATION, A LEVEL OF COLLABORATION TO INCLUDE THE NONARCTIC STATES AS WELL. BUT I AM PLEASED THAT EVER SO SLOWLY THE UNITED STATES SEEMS TO BE WAKING UP TO THE FACT THAT WE ARE AN ARCTIC NATION AND WILLING TO TAKE UP THE RESPONSIBILITIES AS SUCH. I'M CONFIDENT THAT WITH THE LEADERSHIP OF THE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, THE ADMINISTRATION AND FROM THE ARCTIC COMMUNITY AT LARGE, WE CAN CONTINUE TO HIGHLIGHT THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF THE ARCTIC FOR THE UNITED STATES. I BELIEVE THE ARCTIC COUNCIL MEETING MAY BE JUST THE TURNING POINT FOR AMERICAN LEADERSHIP IN THE ARCTIC. WITH THAT, MR. PRESIDENT, I THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. I YIELD THE FLOOR AND I SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

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  • 02:34:09 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.

  • 02:34:23 PM

    Quorum Call

  • 02:48:18 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM ALABAMA.

  • 02:48:21 PM

    MR. SESSIONS

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 02:48:26 PM

    MR. SESSIONS

    AND I WOULD ASK TO SPEAK IN MORNING BUSINESS.

  • 02:48:33 PM

    MR. SESSIONS

    THE DEBT SITUATION WE'RE IN IS NOT A LITTLE BITTY THING. UNDER THE…

    THE DEBT SITUATION WE'RE IN IS NOT A LITTLE BITTY THING. UNDER THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE ANALYSIS -- WE CALL IT SCORING -- OF PRESIDENT OBAMA'S TEN-YEAR BUDGET, LAST YEAR WE HAD INTEREST ON THE DEBT THAT WE NOW OWE OF A LITTLE OVER $200 BILLION. ACCORDING TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE PRESIDENT'S BUDGET, IN THE 10th YEAR UNDER HIS PLAN, THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE ESTIMATES THAT WE WILL PAY IN INTEREST IN ONE YEAR $940 BILLION. NOW, I KNOW THAT'S SO MUCH MONEY AND IT'S DIFFICULT FOR PEOPLE COMPREHEND IT. ALABAMA IS A STATE OF JUST ABOUT AVERAGE SIZE. WE'RE ABOUT 1/50th OF THE UNITED STATES. WE HAVE A LEAN GOVERNMENT THAT'S MAKING SOME SERIOUS REDUCTIONS IN SPENDING BECAUSE OUR MONEY HASN'T COMING IN -- COME IN, AND WE HAVE A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT THAT REQUIRES THE BUDGET TO BE BALANCED. BUT THE AMOUNT OF MONEY THAT ALABAMA SPENDS ON ITS GENERAL FUND OBLIGATIONS IS $1.8 BILLION. AND UNDER THE BUDGET THAT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED TO US BY THE PRESIDENT TWO OR THREE MONTHS AGO, JUST HIS PROPOSAL -- CONGRESS HAS TO PASS THE BUDGET, NOT THE PRESIDENT; HE SUBMITTED HIS PROPOSAL -- IT WOULD CAUSE THE INTEREST ON OUR DEBT IN ONE YEAR TO REACH $940 BILLION. THAT'S WAY ABOVE WHAT WE SPEND ON DEFENSE. IT'S WAY ABOVE WHAT WE SPEND ON MEDICARE. IT'S THE FASTEST-GROWING ITEM IN THE ENTIRE SPENDING PLAN OF AMERICA, INTEREST ON THE DEBT. AND THAT'S WHY MR. BERNANKE, CHAIRMAN OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE, MR. ALAN GREENSPAN, OUR FORMER CHAIRMAN, THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND, MOODY'S, THE DEBT COMMISSION HAVE ALL TOLD US THIS IS UNSUSTAINABLE, YOU CAN'T CONTINUE. WE WON'T GO TEN YEARS WITHOUT A DEBT CRISIS. WHEN ASKED, MR. BOWLES SAID WE COULD HAVE ONE IN TWO YEARS, MAYBE A LITTLE SOONER, MAYBE A LITTLE LATER. I'M NOT PREDICTING THAT. BUT IF WE DON'T CHANGE, THAT COULD HAPPEN, AS EXPERT AFTER EXPERT HAS SAID. SO I HOPE THAT SOMEHOW, SOME WAY IN THE DAYS TO COME THAT WE'LL SEE THE REGULAR ORDER BE REESTABLISHED, THAT OUR COLLEAGUES -- THEY SAY THEY'VE GOT A BUDGET, THEY SAY THEY'VE THEY'VE -- THEY'VE CERTAINLY TALKED TO THE DEMOCRATIC MEMBERS ON MORE THAN ONE OCCASION ABOUT IT. LET'S BRING IT FORWARD AND LET'S SEE IT. MAYBE IT HAS SOME GOOD THINGS THAT WE COULD AGREE ON. IT WILL PROBABLY HAVE SOME THINGS I WOULDN'T AGREE ON. BUT IT COULD BE PASSED. YOU CAN'T FILIBUSTER A BUDGET. UNDER THE BUDGET ACT, IT CAN BE PASSED BY A SIMPLE MAJORITY. A BUDGET CAN CLEAR THE UNITED STATES SENATE. BUT YOU KNOW WHAT? IF YOU PRODUCE A BUDGET, YOU HAVE TO TELL THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHAT YOU REALLY BELIEVE ABOUT AMERICA, WHERE YOU REALLY WANT THIS COUNTRY TO GO. DO YOU WANT A LIMITED GOVERNMENT OR YOU WANT TO CONTINUE TO EXPAND A LARGER AND LARGER GOVERNMENT? DO YOU WANT TO RAISE TAXES MORE AND NOR TO SUSTAIN SPENDING LEVELS HIGHER THAN WE'VE EVER HAD THEM BEFORE? IS THAT WHAT WE WANT? OR ARE YOU PREPARED TO MAKE REDUCTIONS IN SPENDING? ONE OR THE OTHER HAS TO OCCUR. WE CANNOT CONTINUE TO BORROW AT THE RATE WE ARE BORROWING, AS EVERY EXPERT HAS TOLD US. SO I'M CHALLENGING THE LEADERS OF THIS SENATE WHO ASKED FOR THE JOB, WHO ASKED TO BE LEADERS OF THE SENATE, ASKED TO BE GIVEN THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HELPING GUIDE OUR NATION, TO STEP FORWARD AND PROVIDE LEADERSHIP. IN THE JOINT STATEMENT ISSUED BY MR. BOWLES AND BY ALAN SIMPSON THAT THEY SUBMITTED TO THE BUDGET COMMITTEE, THEY SAID THIS NATION HAS NEVER FACED A MORE CERTAIN FINANCIAL CRISIS. ACTUALLY, I'LL GET THE WORDS STRAIGHT. THE NATION HAS NEVER FACED A MORE PREDICTABLE FINANCIAL CRISIS. IN OTHER WORDS, TO THE EXPERTS THAT THEY HEARD FROM AND WHO TESTIFIED TO THEM AND BASED ON THEIR OWN STUDY, THEY BELIEVE WE'RE HEADING TO A FINANCIAL CRISIS. ALAN GREENSPAN RECENTLY SAID I THINK THE CONGRESS WILL AT SOME POINT PASS REFORM IN SPENDING AND BUDGET MATTERS. THE ONLY QUESTION IS, WILL THEY PASS IT BEFORE OR AFTER THE DEBT CRISIS HITS. SO WE HAVE THAT CHALLENGE. WE ARE -- WE HAVE NO HIGHER DUTY THAN TO PROTECT OUR PEOPLE FROM A FORESEEABLE DANGER. THAT DANGER IS OUT THERE. WE'RE HEADING RIGHT TOWARD IT. IT'S TIME FOR TO US STAND UP AND BE HONEST AND FACE THAT CHALLENGE. AND I DON'T BELIEVE BUSINESS AS USUAL SHOULD CONTINUE AND I WILL OBJECT TO IT INSOFAR AS I'M ABLE. I WOULD THANK THE CHAIR AND YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

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  • 03:08:32 PM

    MR. SESSIONS

    DEBT SITUATION WE'RE IN IS NOT A LITTLE BITTY THING. UNDER THE…

    DEBT SITUATION WE'RE IN IS NOT A LITTLE BITTY THING. UNDER THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE ANALYSIS -- WE CALL IT SCORING -- OF PRESIDENT OBAMA'S TEN-YEAR BUDGET, LAST YEAR WE HAD INTEREST ON THE DEBT THAT WE NOW OWE OF A LITTLE OVER $200 BILLION. ACCORDING TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE PRESIDENT'S BUDGET, IN THE 10th YEAR UNDER HIS PLAN, THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE ESTIMATES THAT WE WILL PAY IN INTEREST IN ONE YEAR $940 BILLION. NOW, I KNOW THAT'S SO MUCH MONEY AND IT'S DIFFICULT FOR PEOPLE COMPREHEND IT. ALABAMA IS A STATE OF JUST ABOUT AVERAGE SIZE. WE'RE ABOUT 1/50th OF THE UNITED STATES. WE HAVE A LEAN GOVERNMENT THAT'S MAKING SOME SERIOUS REDUCTIONS IN SPENDING BECAUSE OUR MONEY HASN'T COMING IN -- COME IN, AND WE HAVE A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT THAT REQUIRES THE BUDGET TO BE BALANCED. BUT THE AMOUNT OF MONEY THAT ALABAMA SPENDS ON ITS GENERAL FUND OBLIGATIONS IS $1.8 BILLION. AND UNDER THE BUDGET THAT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED TO US BY THE PRESIDENT TWO OR THREE MONTHS AGO, JUST HIS PROPOSAL -- CONGRESS HAS TO PASS THE BUDGET, NOT THE PRESIDENT; HE SUBMITTED HIS PROPOSAL -- IT WOULD CAUSE THE INTEREST ON OUR DEBT IN ONE YEAR TO REACH $940 BILLION. THAT'S WAY ABOVE WHAT WE SPEND ON DEFENSE. IT'S WAY ABOVE WHAT WE SPEND ON MEDICARE. IT'S THE FASTEST-GROWING ITEM IN THE ENTIRE SPENDING PLAN OF AMERICA, INTEREST ON THE DEBT. AND THAT'S WHY MR. BERNANKE, CHAIRMAN OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE, MR. ALAN GREENSPAN, OUR FORMER CHAIRMAN, THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND, MOODY'S, THE DEBT COMMISSION HAVE ALL TOLD US THIS IS UNSUSTAINABLE, YOU CAN'T CONTINUE. WE WON'T GO TEN YEARS WITHOUT A DEBT CRISIS. WHEN ASKED, MR. BOWLES SAID WE COULD HAVE ONE IN TWO YEARS, MAYBE A LITTLE SOONER, MAYBE A LITTLE LATER. I'M NOT PREDICTING THAT. BUT IF WE DON'T CHANGE, THAT COULD HAPPEN, AS EXPERT AFTER EXPERT HAS SAID. SO I HOPE THAT SOMEHOW, SOME WAY IN THE DAYS TO COME THAT WE'LL SEE THE REGULAR ORDER BE REESTABLISHED, THAT OUR COLLEAGUES -- THEY SAY THEY'VE GOT A BUDGET, THEY SAY THEY'VE THEY'VE -- THEY'VE CERTAINLY TALKED TO THE DEMOCRATIC MEMBERS ON MORE THAN ONE OCCASION ABOUT IT. LET'S BRING IT FORWARD AND LET'S SEE IT. MAYBE IT HAS SOME GOOD THINGS THAT WE COULD AGREE ON. IT WILL PROBABLY HAVE SOME THINGS I WOULDN'T AGREE ON. BUT IT COULD BE PASSED. YOU CAN'T FILIBUSTER A BUDGET. UNDER THE BUDGET ACT, IT CAN BE PASSED BY A SIMPLE MAJORITY. A BUDGET CAN CLEAR THE UNITED STATES SENATE. BUT YOU KNOW WHAT? IF YOU PRODUCE A BUDGET, YOU HAVE TO TELL THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHAT YOU REALLY BELIEVE ABOUT AMERICA, WHERE YOU REALLY WANT THIS COUNTRY TO GO. DO YOU WANT A LIMITED GOVERNMENT OR YOU WANT TO CONTINUE TO EXPAND A LARGER AND LARGER GOVERNMENT? DO YOU WANT TO RAISE TAXES MORE AND NOR TO SUSTAIN SPENDING LEVELS HIGHER THAN WE'VE EVER HAD THEM BEFORE? IS THAT WHAT WE WANT? OR ARE YOU PREPARED TO MAKE REDUCTIONS IN SPENDING? ONE OR THE OTHER HAS TO OCCUR. WE CANNOT CONTINUE TO BORROW AT THE RATE WE ARE BORROWING, AS EVERY EXPERT HAS TOLD US. SO I'M CHALLENGING THE LEADERS OF THIS SENATE WHO ASKED FOR THE JOB, WHO ASKED TO BE LEADERS OF THE SENATE, ASKED TO BE GIVEN THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HELPING GUIDE OUR NATION, TO STEP FORWARD AND PROVIDE LEADERSHIP. IN THE JOINT STATEMENT ISSUED BY MR. BOWLES AND BY ALAN SIMPSON THAT THEY SUBMITTED TO THE BUDGET COMMITTEE, THEY SAID THIS NATION HAS NEVER FACED A MORE CERTAIN FINANCIAL CRISIS. ACTUALLY, I'LL GET THE WORDS STRAIGHT. THE NATION HAS NEVER FACED A MORE PREDICTABLE FINANCIAL CRISIS. IN OTHER WORDS, TO THE EXPERTS THAT THEY HEARD FROM AND WHO TESTIFIED TO THEM AND BASED ON THEIR OWN STUDY, THEY BELIEVE WE'RE HEADING TO A FINANCIAL CRISIS. ALAN GREENSPAN RECENTLY SAID I THINK THE CONGRESS WILL AT SOME POINT PASS REFORM IN SPENDING AND BUDGET MATTERS. THE ONLY QUESTION IS, WILL THEY PASS IT BEFORE OR AFTER THE DEBT CRISIS HITS. SO WE HAVE THAT CHALLENGE. WE ARE -- WE HAVE NO HIGHER DUTY THAN TO PROTECT OUR PEOPLE FROM A FORESEEABLE DANGER. THAT DANGER IS OUT THERE. WE'RE HEADING RIGHT TOWARD IT. IT'S TIME FOR TO US STAND UP AND BE HONEST AND FACE THAT CHALLENGE. AND I DON'T BELIEVE BUSINESS AS USUAL SHOULD CONTINUE AND I WILL OBJECT TO IT INSOFAR AS I'M ABLE. I WOULD THANK THE CHAIR AND YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

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  • 03:14:15 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: QUORUM CALL:

  • 03:15:34 PM

    Quorum Call

  • 03:29:55 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM CALIFORNIA.

  • 03:29:57 PM

    MRS. FEINSTEIN

    I ASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THAT THE QUORUM CALL BE VITIATED.

  • 03:30:00 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 03:30:02 PM

    MRS. FEINSTEIN

    YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.

  • 03:30:04 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    MORNING BUSINESS IS CLOSED. UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER, THE SENATE WILL BE…

    MORNING BUSINESS IS CLOSED. UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER, THE SENATE WILL BE RESUME CONSIDERATION OF THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO SENATE -- S. 1038, WHICH THE CLERK WILL REPORT.

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  • 03:30:16 PM

    THE CLERK

    MOTION TO PROCEED TO THE CONSIDERATION OF S. 1038, A BILL TO EXTEND SPYING…

    MOTION TO PROCEED TO THE CONSIDERATION OF S. 1038, A BILL TO EXTEND SPYING PROVISIONS OF THE U.S.A. PATRIOT IMPROVEMENT AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2005 AND SO FORTH AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

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  • 03:30:33 PM

    MRS. FEINSTEIN

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 03:50:08 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 03:50:12 PM

    MRS. FEINSTEIN

    THE SENATOR FROM INDIANA.

  • 03:58:14 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM INDIANA.

  • 03:58:19 PM

    MR. COATS

    MR. PRESIDENT, TOMORROW MORNING, A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS WILL WELCOME…

    MR. PRESIDENT, TOMORROW MORNING, A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS WILL WELCOME THE PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL, BENJAMIN NETANYAHU. IT WILL BE THE FIRST TIME THAT MR. NETANYAHU HAS ADDRESSED US AS A JOINT SESSION AND ONLY THE SECOND TIME ANY ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER HAS ADDRESSED A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS AS ITS SOLE PARTICIPANT. IT IS A DISTINCT AND HISTORIC HONOR AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR US TO HEAR AGAIN HOW CRUCIAL IS THE FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN OUR TWO COUNTRIES. IN ANTICIPATION OF THIS EVENT, I RISE TODAY TO PROVIDE FOR THE RECORD A RESTATEMENT OF HOW I AND, I BELIEVE, MANY, IF NOT MOST OF MY COLLEAGUES, REGARD THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND AMERICA'S RELATIONSHIP WITH THAT FELLOW DEMOCRACY. THIS RESTATEMENT IS NECESSARY, I BELIEVE, IN LIGHT OF THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH LAST WEEK REGARDING THE ARAB SPRING. THE PRESIDENT'S REMARKS WHICH WERE DELIVERED JUST BEFORE PRIME MINISTER NETANYAHU'S ARRIVAL IN THE UNITED STATES, SERIOUSLY MUDDIED THE WATERS OF AMERICAN POLICY TOWARD ISRAEL AND ITS TROUBLED REGION. THE ARAB SPRING HAS SPRUNG FROM NEW POPULAR FORCES THROUGHOUT THE REGION, OVERTHROWING REGIMES THAT HAVE LOST THEIR RELEVANCE TO THE ASPIRATIONS OF THEIR PEOPLE AND THREATENING TO OVERTHROW OTHERS. THE ADMINISTRATION'S RESPONSE HAS BEEN SLOW IN COMING, AWKWARD AND CONFUSED IN EFFORTS TO EXPLAIN ITS POLICIES, INCONSISTENT IN ITS APPLICATION FROM ONE PART OF THE REGION TO ANOTHER, LESS THAN TRANSPARENT WITH KEEPING CONGRESS INFORMED AND, WORST OF ALL, INEFFECTIVE IN ITS GUIDANCE AND UNDERSTANDING OF EVENTS. PROTESTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTHERN AFRICA HAVE STIRRED JUSTIFIABLY THE EMOTIONS AND ASPIRATIONS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE AS WELL. THEY ALSO SEEK A HOMELAND OF THEIR OWN, SECURE, STABLE, AND LIVING AT PEACE WITH ITS NEIGHBORS. I AGREE THAT THIS MUST BE AMONG OUR GOALS. SOME BELIEVE THAT THE GROUND SWELL OF NEWLY VIBRANT POPULAR ASPIRATIONS THROUGHOUT THE REGION AND ALSO AMONG THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE IS BOTH AN OPPORTUNITY AND A REQUIREMENT FOR NEW CREATIVE STEPS IN THE SEARCH FOR A PERMANENT PEACE. THERE MAY BE AN OPPORTUNITY HERE THAT LEADS TO PROGRESS IF WE AND THE PARTIES TO THIS LONG-LASTING DISPUTE MAKE THE RIGHT CHOICES. IF WE SEEK THE RIGHT ENDS AND IF WE PURSUE THEM WITH THE RIGHT STRATEGIES. UNFORTUNATELY, MR. PRESIDENT, THE ADMINISTRATION SEEMS TO MISUNDERSTAND THE NATURE OF THIS OPPORTUNITY. IN A SPEECH LAST WEEK REGARDING THE WAIVE OF STARTLING EVENTS IN THE MIDEAST AND NORTH AFRICA, PRESIDENT OBAMA FAILED TO BRING COHERENCE AND PURPOSE TO HIS ADMINISTRATION'S POLICY. INSTEAD THE SPEECH BROUGHT MORE CONFUSION, POTENTIALLY JEOPARDIZING PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESSFUL NEGOTIATIONS WITH ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIAN. MR. PRESIDENT, IN MY OPINION, IT WAS A SERIOUS MISTAKE FOR THE PRESIDENT TO PREEMPTIVELY DECLARE U.S. SUPPORT FOR A PALESTINIAN STATE BASED ON THE 1967 BORDERS. PRESIDENT OBAMA'S DECLARATION THAT ISRAEL MUST WITHDRAW TO THE 1967 BORDERLINES IS UNPRECEDENTED AND UNWELCOME. IT IS TRUE THAT PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATIONS HAVE REFERRED TO THE 1967 LINES IN THE PAST AS A REFERENCE POINT IN NEGOTIATIONS. AND IT IS ALSO TRUE THAT THE PALESTINIANS REGARD THE 1967 LINES AS THEIR BEGINNING NEGOTIATING POSITION. BUT EVEN WITH THE PRESIDENT'S VAGUE ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE NEED FOR LAND SWAPS, NO U.S. ADMINISTRATION HAS PREVIOUSLY ADOPTED THE PALESTINIAN POSITION AS ITS OFFICIAL POLICY UNTIL NOW NOW. NOW CAN THIS HELP RESTART NEGOTIATIONS OR DRIVE THOSE NEGOTIATIONS TOWARD A SUCCESSFUL CONCLUSION? AS MR. NETANYAHU MADE CLEAR TO THE PRESIDENT IN THE OVAL OFFICE OFFICE, A RETURN TO THE 1967 LINES IS INDEFENSIBLE AND IGNORES NEW REALITIES ON THE GROUND. THIS POSITION WAS FORMALLY RECOGNIZED BY PRESIDENT BUSH IN 2004 AND MUST NOW BE RECONFIRMED BY ANY REALISTIC ASSESSMENT OF WHAT STEPS ARE POSSIBLE AND NECESSARY. THE OBJECT OF NEGOTIATIONS IS TO REACH A SUCCESSFUL AND DURABLE CONCLUSION, BUT IGNORING CORE REALITIES CANNOT POSSIBLY CONTRIBUTE TO PROGRESS AND ALMOST CERTAINLY WOULD MAKE IT MORE DIFFICULT TO ACHIEVE THE ENDS THAT WE ALL SEEK. ANOTHER MAJOR CONCERN I HAVE FOLLOWING THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH IS THE REACTION TO THE RECENT ANNOUNCEMENT BY THE PALESTINIANS OF A RECONCILIATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE FATAH PARTY OF PRESIDENT ABBAS AND HAMAS, THE ORGANIZATION IN CHARGE IN GAZA. THE ALLEGED RECONCILIATION IS LIKELY A PRODUCT OF THE ARAB SPRING AND THE CONVICTION THAT THE PALESTINIANS NEED TO UNITE TO PURSUE THEIR COMMON GOALS. THIS IS UNDERSTANDABLE AND IT WOULD BE ACCEPTABLE IF NOT FOR THE CHARACTER OF ONE OF THE MAIN FACTIONS TO THIS RECONCILIATION. MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT IT, MR. PRESIDENT, HAMAS IS A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION. THIS GROUP DENIES ISRAEL ITS RIGHT TO EXIST. IT FIRES THOUSANDS OF ROCKETS INTO ISRAELI TERRITORY AND BEMOANS THE DEATH OF BIN LADEN, ONE OF ITS HEROES. IF THIS ANNOUNCED RECONCILIATION OF THESE PALESTINIAN GROUPS ACTUALLY OCCURS, THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY OF PRIME MINISTER ABBAS, TO WHICH THE UNITED STATES, BY THE WAY, PROVIDES CONSIDERABLE FINANCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN SUPPORT, THAT ADMINISTRATION, THAT GROUP, THAT RECONCILIATION WILL HAVE PRIME MINISTER ABBAS AND THAT GROUP DANCING WITH THE DEVIL. IT CANNOT, THEREFORE, EXPECT FURTHER SUPPORT FROM US NOR CAN IT EXPECT SUPPORT OR UNDERSTANDING IN ANY NEGOTIATIONS WITH ISRAEL INTENDING TO CREATE A PALESTINIAN STATE. INDEED, WE MUST NOT REQUIRE OR EVEN ENCOURAGE ISRAEL TO RESUME NEGOTIATIONS WITH AN ENTITY THAT INCLUDES TERRORISTS. BUT HOW DID THE PRESIDENT ADDRESS THIS IN HIS SPEECH? HE DID NOT MENTION THE WORD "TERRORIST" OR PROVIDE ANY SOLID INDICATION THAT NEGOTIATIONS WITH HAMAS WOULD BE IMPOSSIBLE. HE DID NOT AFFIRM THAT AMERICAN ASSISTANCE TO PALESTINIANS, INCLUDING HAMAS, WOULD BE OFF THE TERRIBLE. HE MERELY SAID THAT -- AND I QUOTE -- "PALESTINIAN LEADERS WILL HAVE TO PROVIDE A CREDIBLE ANSWER TO THESE REMAINING QUESTIONS." THE PRESIDENT ALSO SNUGD HIS SPEECH THAT -- SUGGESTED IN HIS SPEECH THAT THE ISRAELIS AND PALESTINIANS SHOULD FOCUS NEGOTIATIONS IN A RESTARTED PEACE PROCESS ON THE ISSUE OF BORDERS AND SECURITY, LEAVING THE HIGHLY CONTENTIOUS ISSUES OF JERUSALEM AND REFUGEES FOR LATER. THIS TYPE OF STEP-BY-STEP NEGOTIATING HAS BEEN REJECTED MANY TIMES IN THE PAST AND FOR GOOD REASON. LAND IS ISRAEL'S MAIN ASSETS IN NEGOTIATIONS. EVEN IF IT WERE POSSIBLE IF REACH AGREEMENT ON LAND AND BORDERS FIRST, ISRAEL WOULD BE LEFT IN A FAR WEAKER POSITION TO NEGOTIATE THE SUBSEQUENT MATTERS MATTERS. THE REFUGEE ISSUE IS PERHAPS THE MOST DIFFICULT OF ALL BECAUSE ACCEPTANCE OF THE PALESTINIAN POSITION WOULD COMPLETELY CHANGE THE NATURE OF ISRAEL AS A JEWISH STATE. INDEED, IT IS A FUNDAMENTAL SURVIVAL ISSUE THAT CANNOT BE ADDRESSED IN ISOLATION. FINALLY, MR. PRESIDENT, I AM DEEPLY CONCERNED THAT THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH MAY BE USED BY THE PALESTINIANS TO SUPPORT THEIR CAMPAIGN TO BRING A UNILATERAL DECLARATION OF STATEHOOD FROM THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY. A DECLARATION OF STATEHOOD TO THE U.N. IS A DANGEROUS STEP THAT WOULD PREEMPT ANY NEW NEGOTIATIONS AND MAKE SURE SUCH EFFORTS ARE STILLBORN. IF THIS STRATEGY SUCCEEDS AT THE U.N. GENERAL ASSEMBLY THIS SEPTEMBER, IT WILL BRING SERIOUS LEGAL, POLITICAL, DIPLOMATIC AND PRACTICALLY -- AND PRACTICAL NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR BOTH A REAL PEACE PROCESS IN ISRAEL ITSELF. MR. PRESIDENT, LET ME RESTATE THAT. IF THIS STRATEGY SUCCEEDS AT THE U.N. GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN SEPTEMBER, IT WILL BRING SERIOUS LEGAL, POLITICAL, DIPLOMATIC AND PRACTICAL NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR BOTH A REAL PEACE PROCESS AND FOR ISRAEL ITSELF. THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY HAS ALREADY ANNOUNCED ITS INTENTIONS TO CHALLENGE ISRAELI INTERESTS IN U.N.-RELATED BODIES, INCLUDING THE INTERNATIONAL COURT. THIS TACTIC CONTRADICTS PALESTINIAN CLAIMS THAT IT SEEKS TO BRING NEW ENERGY TO THE PEACE PROCESS. PEACE WILL COME THROUGH REALISTIC NEGOTIATIONS NOT THROUGH UNILATERAL PREEMPTIVE ACTION. THE PRESIDENT DID SAY THAT HE OPPOSES THIS PALESTINIAN EFFORT TO EYES LATE AND DELEGITIMIZE ISRAEL AT THE U.N. AND THIS WAS A WELCOME STATEMENT. BUT SUPPORTING A PALESTINIAN STATE BASED ON 1967 BORDERS, SPEAKING OUT AGAINST THE ALLEGED RECONCILIATION WITH THE TERRORIST FACTION HAMAS IN IN THE MOST AMBIGUOUS TURNS AND SUPPORTING ISRAEL IN ITS NEGOTIATING ADVANTAGE, WILL ONLY ENCOURAGE THE DISCIPLINE AUTHORITY TO PURSUE ITS U.N. STRATEGY. THESE CONFUSING, INCONSISTENT MESSAGES FROM THE ADMINISTRATION WILL NOT BE ENOUGH TO DISSUADE OTHER U.N. MEMBER STATES FROM SUPPORTING THE PALESTINIAN MANEUVER. I FEAR THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL THEN BE FORCED TO VETO A RELOSING IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL THAT OUR VERY OWN ERRORS HAVE HELPED BRING ABOUT. THEN WE WILL FIND OURSELVES IN A MINORITY IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND WATCH AS THE PROSPECT OF SUBSTANTIVE NEGOTIATIONS BECOME FAR MORE DISTANT THAN BEFORE. BOTH WE AND OUR ISRAELI FRIENDS DESERVE BETTER THAN THIS. MR. PRESIDENT, THIS IS NOT A STATEMENT OF SUPPORT FOR ISRAEL ONLY. IT IS TRUE THAT WE ARE UNITED WITH ISRAEL BY PERMANENT BONDS OF HISTORY, VALUES, SHARED STRATEGIC INTERESTS, CULTURE, AND RELIGIOUS HERITAGE. BUT THOSE BONDS ARE ALSO THE PRINCIPAL REASON WE HAVE FOR PURSUING A PEACE THAT IS DURABLE AND JUST FOR EVERYONE IN THE REGION. THAT PEACE WILL SERVE THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE JUST AS MUCH AS JEWISH ISRAEL. A SECURE HOMELAND OF THEIR OWN AT PEACE WILL BE THE RESULT OF REAL NEGOTIATIONS BASED ON SHARED UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT IS POSSIBLE. AMERICANS, THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE ALL HAVE A SHARED COMMON HERITAGE IN PROPHETIC RELIGIONS. HOPEFULLY, PRAYERFULLY TOGETHER WE CAN ASPIRE TO A COMMON PURPOSE TO BRING ENDURING PEACE TO THE BIRTHPLACE OF THAT HERITAGE. MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOOR. A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?

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  • 04:09:55 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM MONTANA.

  • 04:09:58 PM

    MR. TESTER

    YOU, MR. PRESIDENT. TODAY, MR. PRESIDENT, WE HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO DO…

    YOU, MR. PRESIDENT. TODAY, MR. PRESIDENT, WE HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO DO AWAY WITH A LAW THAT TRAMPLES ON OUR CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS, A LAW THAT INVADES THE PRIVACY OF LAW-ABIDING MONTANANS AND AMERICANS, A LAW THAT DEPRIVES AMERICA OF SOME OF OUR MOST BASIC CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTIONS. THIS WEEK, WE'RE VOTING ON WHETHER TO EXTEND THE U.S.A. PATRIOT ACT FOUR MORE YEARS AS IS, AND THERE'S A CHANCE THAT WE MAY NOT HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO CHANGE IT, EVEN THOUGH WE KNOW THAT OUR FREEDOMS HAVE BEEN COMPROMISED. AND THAT IS A SHAME, BECAUSE WITHOUT THAT POSSIBILITY, WE'RE NOT HAVING THE DEBATE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE DESERVE. IF OUR ONLY CHOICE IS TO VOTE "YES" OR "NO," I'M GOING TO VOTE "NO." LONG BEFORE I EVER GOT TO THE SENATE, THE PATRIOT ACT WAS SOLD TO US AS A TOOLBOX OF SORTS TO GIVE U.S. AGENTS THE TOOLS THEY NEED TO FIND AND FIGHT AND KILL TERRORISTS. WHAT WE GOT FROM THE PATRIOT ACT WAS A LAW THAT IS KILLING THE RIGHTS GUARANTEED BY OUR CONSTITUTION. IT GIVES OUR GOVERNMENT FULL AUTHORITY TO DIG THROUGH YOUR PRIVATE RECORDS OR TAP YOUR PHONES OR MAKE A CASE AGAINST YOU WITHOUT EVEN HAVING A JUDGE'SJUDGE'S WARRANT, EVEN IF YOU'RE DOING NOTHING WRONG. WE GIVE UP OUR RIGHTS, MR. PRESIDENT, WE GIVE AWAY -- WE GIVE WAY TO EXACTLY WHAT THE TERRORISTS WANTED FOR US -- FEWER FREEDOMS AND INVASION OF PRIVACY. IT'S NOT ACCEPTABLE IN MONTANA AND I'M SURE IT'S NOT ACCEPTABLE ANYWHERE ELSE. MORE THAN 200 YEARS AGO, ONE OF OUR FOUNDERS OF THIS COUNTRY WARNED US, AND HERE'S WHAT HE SAID. "THOSE WHO GIVE UP ESSENTIAL LIBERTY TO PURCHASE A LITTLE TEMPORARY SAFETY DESERVE NEITHER LIBERTY NOR SAFETY." WORDS OF WISDOM FROM BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. OUR NATION WAS FOUNDED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF FREEDOM AND PRIVACY AND A GOVERNMENT THAT WE CONTROL. WE GOT EXACTLY THE OPPOSITE WITH THE PATRIOT ACT. MR. PRESIDENT, HERE'S A COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION. IT'S A REMINDER OF OUR RIGHTS AS AMERICANS GUARANTEED BY THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. AND I QUOTE -- "THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO BE SECURE IN THEIR PERSONS, HOUSES, PAPERS AND EFFECTS AGAINST UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES SHALL NOT BE VIOLATED." THE FOLKS WHO WROTE THE PATRIOT ACT WERE HERE IN WASHINGTON LONG BEFORE I EVEN THOUGHT ABOUT RUNNING FOR THE U.S. SENATE. BUT YOU DO NOT HAVE TO BE A LAWYER TO KNOW THAT THE PATRIOT ACT FLIES IN THE FACE OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. IT ALLOWS THE GOVERNMENT TO CONDUCT SECRET PROCEEDINGS EVEN WHEN THOSE PROCEEDINGS DON'T NEED TO BE HELD IN SECRET. AND IF WE ALLOW THAT TO HAPPEN, WE TOSS GOVERNMENT TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY OUT THE WINDOW. AS WE'VE SEEN OVER THE PAST FEW WEEKS, OUR MILITARY FORCES AND INTELLIGENCE AGENTS ARE THE MOST EFFECTIVE IN THE WORLD. THEY ARE THE BEST BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE MOST POWERFUL TOOLS IN THE WORLD TO DO THEIR JOBS. THEY ARE BETTER TRAINED THAN ANYONE ELSE, THEY'RE STRONGER, THEY'RE SMARTER AND THEY DO WHAT THEY DO WITHOUT NEEDING TO SNOOP AROUND IN THE PRIVATE LIVES OF LAW-ABIDING AMERICANS AND MONTANANS. WITHOUT HAVING TO DIG UP YOUR MEDICAL RECORDS OR YOUR GUN RECORDS OR YOUR LIBRARY RECORDS OR YOUR INTERNET RECORDS, MR. PRESIDENT, THE PATRIOT ACT IS BAD POLICY THAT HAS PUT US ON A VERY SLIPPERY SLOPE. OUR CONSTITUTIONAL FREEDOMS ARE TOO VALUABLE TO GIVE EVEN AN INCH OF THEM AWAY, ESPECIALLY WHEN WE DON'T NEED TO. AND WITHOUT THE OPPORTUNITY TO MAKE REAL CHANGES TO THIS BILL, OUR ONLY OPTION IS TO A OHIE" OR "NO" TO EXTENDING THIS LAW FOUR MORE YEARS F. WE DO, AN ENTIRE -- MORE YEARS. IF WE DO, AN ENTIRE DECADE WILL HAVE PASSED WITHOUT MAKING ANY ADJUSTMENTS. NOT HAVING ANY OPPORTUNITY TO AMEND THE PATRIOT ACT, I'M GOING TO VOTE AGAINST IT IN THE NAME OF FREEDOM AND PRIVACY. AND I'M GOING TO ENCOURAGE ALL SENATORS TO DO THE SAME BECAUSE IT'S THE RESPONSIBLE THING TO DO. AND WITH THAT, MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOOR. I SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

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  • 04:13:49 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.

  • 04:13:53 PM

    MR. TESTER

    I SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM AND ASK THAT THE TIME BE EVENLY DIVIDED.

  • 04:13:58 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 04:32:41 PM

    MR. GRASSLEY

    IN ADDITION TO AGENTS ON THE GROUND, WE'VE HEARD STRONG SUPPORT FOR…

    IN ADDITION TO AGENTS ON THE GROUND, WE'VE HEARD STRONG SUPPORT FOR EXTENDING THE EXPIRING PROVISIONS OF THE PATRIOT ACT FROM MEMBERS OF THE BUSH AND OBAMA ADMINISTRATIONS. WE'VE HEARD TESTIMONY FROM THE DIRECTOR OF THE F.B.I., THE ATTORNEY GENERAL AND THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ABOUT THE STRONG NEED TO REAUTHORIZE THESE PROVISIONS. THESE SAME OFFICES HAVE RECOMMENDED EXTENDING THE PROVISIONS REGARDLESS OF POLITICAL IDEOLOGY, AS BOTH REPUBLICAN AND DEMOCRAT ADMINISTRATIONS HAVE BACKED THE EXTENSIONS. THE FOUR-YEAR EXTENSION WE'RE VOTING ON TODAY IS A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION. EXTENDING THE THREE EXPIRING PROVISIONS WITHOUT ANY SUBSTANTIVE AMENDMENT THAT WOULD RESTRICT OR CURTAIL THE USE OF THESE TOOLS IS VERY IMPORTANT GIVEN THE RECENT ACTIONS THAT LED TO THE DEATH OF OSAMA BIN LADEN. NOW IS NOT THE TIME TO PLACE NEW RESTRICTIONS AND HEIGHTEN EVIDENTIARY STANDARDS ON CRITICAL NATIONAL SECURITY TOOLS. A LOT HAS BEEN SAID ABOUT THESE PROVISIONS, AND UNFORTUNATELY MOST OF WHAT HAS BEEN SAID IS INCORRECT. CONGRESS ENACTED THESE PROVISIONS AND REAUTHORIZED THEM IN 2005 FOLLOWING THE 9/11 COMMISSION REPORT WHICH CRITICIZED THE WAY OUR AGENTS FAILED TO PIECE TOGETHER CLUES. IN OTHER WORDS, TO CONNECT THE DOTS. SINCE THAT TIME THE THREE EXPIRING PROVISIONS HAVE PROVIDED A GREAT DEAL OF INFORMATION TO AGENTS THAT HAVE HELPED THWART TERRORIST ATTACKS. AND LET'S BE VERY BASIC, WHAT IS TERRORISM ABOUT? IT'S ABOUT KILLING PEOPLE LIVING IN WESTERN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA. THEY DON'T LIKE US. THEY WANT TO KILL US. AND WE'VE GOT TO PREVENT THAT. THEY CAN MAKE CONTINUING MISTAKES AND NOT GET THEIR JOB DONE, BUT ONCE THE F.B.I. MAKES A MISTAKE AND LETS ONE OF THEM GET AWAY, IT'S A VICTORY FOR THE OPPOSITION. WE CAN'T AFFORD A FAILURE. NOW, EXAMPLES ALONG THE LINES THAT WE CAN'T HAVE THESE FAILURES, IN TESTIMONY BEFORE THE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON CRIME, TERRORISM AND HOMELAND SECURITY, ROBERT LITT, THE GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE, TESTIFIED THAT A SECTION 215 ORDER WAS USED AS PART OF THE INVESTIGATION BY THE F.B.I. IN THE KHALID ALDAWASA R EU WHO WAS ARRESTED IN TEXAS RECENTLY. MR. LITT ALSO TESTIFIED THE 215 ORDERS WERE UTILIZED TO OBTAIN HOTEL RECORDS IN THE CASE WHERE A SUSPECTED SPY HAD ARRANGED LODGING FOR INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS. HE ALSO DISCUSSED THE ROVING WIRETAP PROVISIONS AND HOW IT IS USED TO HELP AGENTS TRACK FOREIGN AGENTS OPERATING INSIDE THE UNITED STATES WHO SWITCH CELLULAR PHONES FREQUENTLY TO AVOID BEING CAUGHT. THESE EXAMPLES ARE LIMITED NOT BECAUSE THE AUTHORITIES AREN'T VALUABLE, BUT BECAUSE OF HOW SENSITIVE THE INVESTIGATIONS ARE THAT UTILIZE THESE AUTHORITIES. WHILE THE NEED FOR KEEPING PERSONAL NATIONAL SECURITY MATTERS CLASSIFIED MAY PREVENT THE OPEN DISCUSSION OF FURTHER EXAMPLES IN THIS SETTING HERE ON THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE, IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT THESE PROVISIONS ARE CONSTANTLY UNDER STRICT SCRUTINY BY THE INSPECTOR GENERAL AT THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE AND BY CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT. IN FACT, IN A MARCH 2008 REPORT, THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT INSPECTOR GENERAL EXAMINED THE F.B.I.'S USE OF SECTION 215 ORDERS AND FOUND -- QUOTE -- "WE DID NOT IDENTIFY ANY ILLEGAL USE OF SECTION 15 AUTHORITY." END OF QUOTE. FURTHER, THERE ARE NO REPORTED ABUSES OF THE ROVING SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY AND THE LONE WOLF PROVISION HAS NOT YET BEEN UTILIZED, SO IT IS WITHOUT ABUSE AS WELL. WHILE I TKPWHRAE THESE THREE PROVISIONS -- WHILE I AGREE THESE THREE PROVISIONS SHOULD BE SUBJECT TO STRICT SCRUTINY, OVERSIGHT AUTHORITY ALREADY EXISTS IN THE LAW AND DOES NOT PROVIDE AUTHORITY FOR THESE TOOLS TO ACHIEVE THE GOAL OF OVERSIGHT. AS SUCH, IT IS IMPORTANT THAT CONGRESS REAUTHORIZE THESE PROVISIONS QUICKLY AND WITHOUT AMENDMENT. I URGE MY COLLEAGUES TO VOTE IN SUPPORT OF THE CLOTURE PETITION ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO S. 1038 BECAUSE IT PROVIDES A CLEAN REAUTHORIZATION OF THESE VERY VITAL TOOLS FOR FOUR YEARS WITHOUT SUBSTANTIVE CHANGES. IN OTHER WORDS, IF IT AIN'T BROKE, DON'T FIX IT. WHILE FOUR YEARS IS A FAR CRY FROM THE PERMANENCE THAT I FEEL IS NECESSARY ON THESE PROVISIONS, IT DOES PROVIDE MORE CERTAINTY AND PREDICTABILITY THAN CONTINUING TO PASS SHORT-TERM EXTENSION AFTER EXTENSION. I YIELD THE FLOOR. A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?

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  • 04:38:30 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE SENATOR FROM KENTUCKY.

  • 04:38:34 PM

    MR. PAUL

    BEEN A LOT OF DISCUSSION OF THE PATRIOT ACT, AND WE'RE TOLD BASICALLY WE…

    BEEN A LOT OF DISCUSSION OF THE PATRIOT ACT, AND WE'RE TOLD BASICALLY WE WOULDN'T BE ABLE TO CAPTURE THESE TERRORISTS IF WE DIDN'T GIVE UP SOME OF OUR LIBERTIES, IF WE DIDN'T GIVE UP SOME OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT AND ALLOW IT TO BE EASIER FOR THE POLICE TO COME INTO OUR HOMES. WE WERE SO FRIGHTENED AFTER 9/11 THAT WE READILY GAVE UP THESE FREEDOMS. WE SAID, WELL, THE FOURTH AMENDMENT IS NOT THAT IMPORTANT. WE'LL JUST LET THE GOVERNMENT LOOK AT ALL OF OUR RECORDS AND WE'LL MAKE IT EASIER FOR THE GOVERNMENT TO LOOK AT OUR RECORDS. THE QUESTION YOU HAVE TO ASK, THOUGH, IS WHETHER OR NOT WE WOULD STILL BE ABLE TO CATCH TERRORISTS BY USING THE FOURTH AMENDMENT AS IT WAS INTENDED AND HAVING THE PROTECTIONS OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. WHAT YOU HAVE TO ASK YOURSELF IS THINK ABOUT THE WORST PERSON IN YOUR COMMUNITY. THINK ABOUT SOMEONE ACCUSED OF MURDER OR RAPE OR A PEDOPHILE. YOU THINK OF THESE PEOPLE; DO YOU KNOW WHAT HAPPENS IF SOMEONE IS ACCUSED OF THAT? EVEN IF IT'S 3:00 IN THE MORNING AND THEY WANT TO GET THEIR RECORDS OR THEY WANT TO GO INTO THEIR HOUSE, THEY CALL A JUDGE. THIS IS SOMETHING VERY IMPORTANT. THEY GET THE WARRANTS ALMOST ALL THE TIME. BUT IT'S ONE STEP OF PROTECTION. WHAT YOU HAVE IS THE PROTECTION WHERE YOU DON'T HAVE POLICE OFFICERS WRITING WARRANTS TO COME INTO YOUR HOUSE. YOU HAVE TO HAVE IT REVIEWED BY A JUDGE. WHAT WE'VE DONE TO THE PATRIOT ACT IS TAKEN AWAY SOME OF THE PROTECTIONS OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. THE FOURTH AMENDMENT SAYS YOU NEED TO NAME THE PERSON AND THE PLACE TO BE SEARCHED. WE'VE TAKEN AWAY THOSE PROTECTIONS. THE FOURTH AMENDMENT SAYS YOU NEED TO HAVE PROBABLE CAUSE. WE'VE TAKEN AWAY THOSE AND MADE IT TO WHERE IT, IF IT'S RELEVANT OR THEY THINK THEY MIGHT BE RELATED TO IT. ORIGINALLY THE FISA COURT LOWERED THE STANDARD SOMEWHAT ON THE FOURTH AMENDMENT, BUT IT RECOGNIZED THAT IT WAS LOWERING THE STANDARD AND WAS CAREFUL. WE HAD SECRET COURTS SET UP AND THE FISA COURT WAS THE COURT THAT DEALT WITH THINGS THAT HAD THAT TO DO WITH NATIONAL SECURITY OR TERRORISM OR INTELLIGENCE. THE INFORMATION WAS KEPT SECRET SO WE DIDN'T LET EVERYBODY IN THE WORLD KNOW THE NAME BUT THE NAME HAD TO BE DIE SRULGED TO THE JUDGES. THOSE WHO ARGUE YOU HAVE TO HAVE THE PATRIOT ACT, TOUGH DO THIS OR WE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO STOP TERRORISM, THEY NEED TO EXPLAIN WHY THE FISA COURT DID TENS OF THOUSANDS OF SEARCH WARRANTS AND NEVER TURNED ANY DOWN. IN FACT, THE HISTORY BEFORE THE PATRIOT ACT WAS NO SEARCH WARRANT HAD EVER BEEN TURNED DOWN. DO WE REALLY WANT TO GIVE UP OUR LIBERTIES IN EXCHANGE FOR MILES-PER-HOUR SECURITY? FRANKLIN -- IN EXCHANGE FOR MORE SECURITY. FRANKLIN SAID THOSE WHO GIVE UP LIBERTY IN EXCHANGE FOR SECURITY MAY END UP WITH NEITHER. RIGHT NOW IF YOU HAVE A VISA BILL THAT'S OVER $5,000 AND YOU CHOOSE TO PAY FOR IT OVER THE PHONE WHICH IS A WIRE TRANSFER, THE GOVERNMENT IS PROBABLY LOOKING AT YOUR VISA BILL. THEY DON'T HAVE TO SHOW PROBABLE CAUSE AND THEY DON'T HAVE TO HAVE A JUDGE'S WARRANT. AND THIS DOES APPLY TO U.S. CITIZENS. OFTEN THEY'LL TELL YOU IT'S ONLY FOREIGN TERRORISTS WE'RE LOOKING AT. THEY WANT YOU TO FEEL GOOD ABOUT ALLOWING THE SPYING, BUT THIS SPYING IS GOING ON BY THE TENS OF THOUSANDS AND EVEN BY THE MILLIONS. WITH REGARD TO THESE SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY REPORTS, WE'VE DONE OVER 4 MILLION OF THEM IN THE LAST TEN YEARS. WE'RE NOW DOING OVER A MILLION A YEAR. THESE SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY REPORTS, ALL THE TRIGGER IS YOU DON'T HAVE TO HAVE ANYTHING TO DO WITH TERRORISM. THE TRIGGER IS YOU HAVE OVER $5,000 THAT YOU TRANSFER BY BANK ACCOUNT. YOU SAY, WELL, THE COURTS HAVE DECIDED THAT YOUR BANK RECORDS AREN'T PRIVATE. WELL, THE HELL THEY AREN'T. THEY SHOULD BE PRIVATE. MY VISA RECORDS, IF YOU LOOK AT MY VISA RECORDS, YOU CAN TELL WHETHER I GO TO THE DOCTOR, WHAT KIND OF DOCTOR I GO TO. YOU CAN CONCEIVABLY TELL WHAT KIND OF MEDICATION I'M ON. YOU CAN TELL WHAT KIND OF MAGAZINES I READ. YOU CAN TELL WHAT KIND OF BOOKS I ORDER FROM AMAZON. DO WE WANT A GOVERNMENT THAT LOOKS AT OUR VISA BILL? DO WE WANT A GOVERNMENT THAT LOOKS AT OUR RECORDS AND IS FINDING OUT WHAT OUR READING HABITS ARE. ONE OF THE PROVISIONS APPLY TO LIBRARY RECORDS. DO YOU WANT THE GOVERNMENT TO FIND OUT WHAT YOU'RE READING AT THE LIBRARY? WE NOW HAVE A PRESIDENT THAT WANTS TO KNOW WHERE YOU CONTRIBUTED BEFORE YOU DO WORK FOR THE GOVERNMENT. DO WE WANT THAT KIND OF ALL-ENCOMPASSING GOVERNMENT THAT IS LOOKING AT EVERY RECORD FROM TOP TO BOTTOM AND INVADING OUR PRIVACY? THERE IS ANOTHER ASPECT OF THIS CALLED NATIONAL SECURITY LETTERS. THESE ARE BASICALLY WARRANTS THAT ARE WRITTEN BY F.B.I. AGENTS. NO JUDGE REVIEWS THEM. THIS IS SPECIFICALLY WHAT JAMES OTIS WAS WORRIED ABOUT WHEN HE TALKED ABOUT GENERAL WARRANTS THAT WEREN'T SPECIFYING THE PERSON OR THE PLACE AND THAT WERE WRITTEN BY POLICE OFFICERS. AND THIS IS A PROBLEM BECAUSE REALLY THIS IS -- WE DEPEND ON THE CHECKS AND BALANCES IN OUR SOCIETY. WE NEVER WANT TO GIVE ALL THE AUTHORITY TO EITHER ONE GROUP OF CONGRESS OR TO THE PRESIDENT OR TO POLICE OR JUDGES. WE HAVE CHECKS AND BALANCES TO APPROVE -- TO TRY TO PREVENT ABUSE. NOW, SOME HAVE SAID, WELL, IF YOU HAVE NOTHING TO HIDE, WHY DO YOU CARE? WELL, THE THING IS THAT IT WILL NOT ALWAYS BE ANGELS THAT ARE IN CHARGE OF GOVERNMENT. YOU HAVE RULES BECAUSE YOU WANT TO PREVENT THE DAY THAT MAY OCCUR WHEN YOU GET SOMEONE WHO TAKES OVER YOUR GOVERNMENT THROUGH ELECTED OFFICE OR OTHERWISE WHO REALLY IS INTENT ON USING THE TOOLS OF GOVERNMENT TO PRY INTO YOUR AFFAIRS, TO SNOOP ON WHAT YOU'RE DOING, TO PUNISH YOU FOR YOUR POLITICAL OR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. THAT'S WHY WE DON'T EVER WANT TO LET THE LAW BECOME SO EXPANSIVE. BUT THE THING IS YOU HAVE TO REALIZE THAT YOU CAN STILL GET TERRORISTS. WE GET RAPISTS AND MURDERERS EVERY DAY BY CALLING A JUDGE. THAT'S WHAT I'M ASKING FOR. I'M ASKING THAT WE GO THROUGH AND OBEY THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. MANY CONSERVATIVES ARGUE THAT WELL THEY LOVE THE SECOND AMENDMENT. SOME LIBERALS SAY THEY LOVE TO BE ABLE TO PROTECT THE FIRST AMENDMENT. IF YOU DON'T PROTECT THE ENTIRE BILL OF RIGHTS, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO HAVE ANY OF IT. IF YOU WANT TO PROTECT YOUR RIGHT TO OWN A GUN, YOU NEED TO PROTECT YOUR GUN RECORDS FROM THE GOVERNMENT LOOKING AT YOUR GUN RECORDS AND FINDING OUT WHETHER YOU'VE BEEN BUYING A GUN AT A GUN SHOW. YOU NEED TO PROTECT YOUR PRIVACY. IF YOU WANT TO PROTECT THE FIRST AMENDMENT, YOU'VE GOT TO HAVE THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. IN FACT, WE SPECIFICALLY HAD TO GO BACK THERE. THE ORIGINAL PATRIOT ACT SAID THAT YOU COULDN'T EVEN CONSULT WITH YOUR ATTORNEY. YOU COULDN'T EVEN TELL YOUR ATTORNEY -- YOU WERE GAGGED FROM TELLING YOUR ATTORNEY. EVEN KNOW, THOUGH, YOU SAY I DON'T KNOW IF THEY'VE INVESTIGATED ME. YOU KNOW WHY? BECAUSE THEY TELL YOUR PHONE COMPANY IF THEY'RE LOOKING AT YOUR PHONE RECORDS RIGHT NOW OR YOUR VISA RECORDS, IT'S AGAINST THE LAW FOR VISA OR THE PHONE COMPANY TO TELL YOU THAT. IT'S HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS OF FINES AND JAIL TIME. IT'S FIVE YEARS IN JAIL IF YOUR PHONE COMPANY TELLS YOU THEY HAVE BEEN SPYING ON YOU. NOW, SOME OF THIS DOESN'T EVEN REQUIRE A LETTER FROM GOVERNMENT. SOME OF IT IS DONE BY THE BANKS. THE SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY REPORTS, WE HAVE SIMPLY TOLD THE BANK HERE, ANYBODY THAT DEALS IN CASH, ANYBODY THAT HAS OVER A A $5,000 TRANSFER, WIRE TRANSFER OR WHO DEALS IN LARGE AMOUNTS OF MONEY, THE BANK -- IT'S INCUMBENT UPON THE BANK TO SPY ON THEIR CUSTOMERS NOW. THIS IS A REAL PROBLEM, AND I THINK THAT WE NEED TO HAVE SOME ARGUMENT AND DEBATE IN OUR COUNTRY OVER THESE THINGS. SOME WANT TO HAVE THESE THINGS PERMANENTLY. THEY WANT TO PERMANENTLY GIVE UP THEIR FOURTH AMENDMENT PROTECTIONS, AND I DISAGREE STRONGLY. NOT ONLY WOULD I LET THESE EXPIRE, BUT I THINK WE REALLY SHOULD SUNSET THE ENTIRE PATRIOT ACT AND PROTECT OUR LIBERTIES THE WAY IT WAS INTENDED BY OUR FOUNDING FATHERS. JAMES OTIS WAS AN ATTORNEY IN BOSTON, AND HE WROTE ABOUT THESE THINGS THEY CALLED IN THOSE DAYS WRITS OF ASSISTANCE. THESE WERE GENERAL WARRANTS. THE KING WOULD WRITE THEM, OR ACTUALLY THEY WERE WRITTEN BY SOLDIERS HERE. THEY DIDN'T NAME THE PERSON TO BE SEARCHED OR THE PLACE, AND THEY WERE USED AS A WAY TO HAVE THE KING HAVE HIS WAY WITH THE PEOPLE AND TO BULLY THE PEOPLE. THE IDEA OF GENERAL WARRANTS IS WHAT REALLY SORELY OFFENDED OUR FOUNDING FATHERS. THAT'S WHY WE GOT THE FOURTH AMENDMENT. THE FOURTH AMENDMENT WAS THE PRODUCT OF A DECADE OR MORE OF JAMES OTIS ARGUING CASES AGAINST THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT. BUT THE QUESTION YOU HAVE TO ASK YOURSELF WHEN THINKING ABOUT THESE ISSUES IS IT'S NOT SO SIMPLE THAT YOU CAN JUST SAY WELL, I'M EITHER AGAINST TERRORISM OR I'M GOING TO LET TERRORISTS RUN WILD AND TAKE OVER THE COUNTRY. YOU CAN BE OPPOSED TO TERRORISTS. WE CAN GO AFTER TERRORISTS. WE CAN GO AFTER MURDERERS AND RAPISTS AND PEOPLE WHO COMMIT CRIMES, BUT WE CAN DO IT WITH A PROCESS THAT PROTECTS THE INNOCENT. YOU KNOW, WE -- WE LOOKED AT -- I THINK SO FAR THEY SAY WE HAVE LOOKED AT 28 MILLION ELECTRONIC RECORDS. WE HAVE LOOKED AT 1,600,000 TEXT MESSAGES, AND WE HAVE 800,000 HOURS OF AUDIO. WE HAVE SO MUCH AUDIO THAT THEY CAN'T EVEN LISTEN TO IT ALL. 25% OF WHAT THEY HAVE RECORDED OF YOUR PHONE CONVERSATIONS IS NOT LISTENED TO BECAUSE THEY DON'T EVEN HAVE TIME TO LISTEN TO IT. MY POINT WOULD BE THAT WE'RE EAVESDROPPING ON SO MANY PEOPLE THAT IT COULD BE THAT WE ARE MISSING OUT AND NOT TARGETING. IT'S JUST LIKE THE AIRPORTS. EVERY ONE OF YOU IS BEING SEARCHED IN THE AIRPORT AND YOU'RE NOT TERRORISTS AND YOU'RE NO THREAT TO OUR COUNTRY. WHY ARE WE NOT LOOKING FOR THE PEOPLE WHO WOULD ATTACK US AND SPENDING TIME ON THOSE PEOPLE? WHY DO WE NOT GO TO A JUDGE AND SAY THIS PERSON WE SUSPECT OF DEALING WITH THIS TERRORIST GROUP, WILL YOU GIVE US A WARRANT? WHY DON'T WE HAVE THOSE STEPS? INSTEAD, WE'RE MINING AND GOING THROUGH MILLIONS OF RECORDS, AND I THINK WE'RE OVERWHELMED SO MUCH WITH THE RECORDS THAT WE MAY WELL BE DOING LESS OF A GOOD JOB WITH TERRORISM BECAUSE WE'RE LOOKING AT EVERYONE'S RECORDS. BUT THE BOTTOM LINE IS I DON'T WANT TO LIVE IN A COUNTRY WHERE WE GIVE UP OUR FREEDOMS, OUR PRIVACY. I DON'T WANT TO LIVE IN A COUNTRY THAT LOSES ITS CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTIONS THAT PROTECT US AS INDIVIDUALS. WE DO HAVE A RIGHT TO PRIVACY. YOU HAVE A RIGHT NOT TO HAVE THE GOVERNMENT READING YOUR VISA BILL EVERY MONTH. WE DO HAVE RIGHTS AND WE SHOULD PROTECT THESE, BUT WE SHOULDN'T BE SO FEARFUL THAT WE SAY WELL, I'M A GOOD PERSON, I DON'T CARE, JUST LOOK AT MY RECORDS. IF YOU DO, YOU'RE SETTING YOURSELF UP FOR A DAY WHEN THERE WILL BE A TYRANNY, WHEN THERE WILL BE A DESPOT WHO COMES INTO POWER IN THE UNITED STATES AND WHO USES THOSE RULES THAT YOU SAID OH, I DON'T HAVE ANYTHING TO HIDE. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN SOMEONE TAKES OVER WHO BELIEVES THAT YOUR RELIGION IS -- IS TO BE COMBATED, WHO BELIEVES THAT YOUR POLITICAL BELIEFS AND YOUR LITERATURE SHOULD BE COMBATED? WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THAT DAY COMES? WE CANNOT GIVE UP -- OUR LIBERTY. IF WE DO, IF WE TRADE IT FOR SECURITY, WE'LL HAVE NEITHER. SO I RISE IN OPPOSITION TO THE VOTE ON CLOTURE. I WILL BE INTRODUCING AMENDMENTS TO THE PATRIOT ACT THIS WEEK, AND WE WILL BE HAVING A REAL DEBATE ABOUT HOW WE CAN STOP TERRORISM BUT ALSO PRESERVE FREEDOM AT THE SAME TIME. THANK YOU.

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  • 04:49:35 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE SENATOR FROM IOWA.

  • 04:49:39 PM

    MR. GRASSLEY

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 04:49:52 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 04:49:57 PM

    MR. GRASSLEY

    FLOOR. A SENATOR:

  • 04:50:00 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM GEORGIA.

  • 04:50:03 PM

    MR. CHAMBLISS

    MR. PRESIDENT, I RISE IN SUPPORT OF INVOKING CLOTURE ON THE MOTION TO…

    MR. PRESIDENT, I RISE IN SUPPORT OF INVOKING CLOTURE ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO S. 1038, THE PATRIOT SUNSET EXTENSION ACT OF 2011. IN FOUR DAYS ON MAY 27, THREE FISA PROVISIONS, THE LONE WOLF, ROVING WIRETAP AND TWO SECTION 315 AUTHORITIES WILL EXPIRE UNLESS CONGRESS ACTS TO REAUTHORIZE THEM. THE HOUSE HAS BEEN WORKING ON A BILL, H.R. 1800, THAT WOULD MAKE THE LONE WOLF PROVISION PERMANENT AND EXTEND THE OTHER TWO PROVISIONS UNTIL DECEMBER, 2017. SENATOR FEINSTEIN AND LEAHY HAVE SPONSORED BILLS THAT WOULD, AMONG OTHER THINGS, EXTEND ALL THREE PROVISIONS UNTIL DECEMBER, 2013. IT SEEMS TO ME THAT 1038 WITH ITS EXTENSION OF THE THREE SUNSETS UNTIL JUNE 1, 2015, IS A REASONABLE COMPROMISE. ALTHOUGH I BELIEVE THAT EACH ONE OF THESE TWO SHOULD BE MADE PERMANENT, THIS BILL WILL ENSURE THAT OUR INTELLIGENCE PROFESSIONALS HAVE THE TOOLS THEY NEED TO KEEP OUR NATION SAFE. THERE IS LITTLE DISAGREEMENT THAT THESE PROVISIONS SHOULD AND MUST BE REAUTHORIZED. F.B.I. DIRECTOR ROBERT MUELLER HAS TESTIFIED REPEATEDLY THAT EACH ONE OF THESE PROVISIONS IS IMPORTANT TO BOTH NATIONAL SECURITY AS WELL AS CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS, BUT THE IMPORTANCE DOES NOT END THERE. BECAUSE OF ENHANCED INFORMATION-SHARING RULES AND PROCEDURES, OTHER PARTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY LIKE THE NATIONAL COUNTERTERRORISM CENTER AND THE NATIONAL COUNTERPROLIFERATION CENTER, OFTEN DEPEND ON THE INFORMATION COLLECTED UNDER THESE PROVISIONS. LOSING OR CHANGING THESE AUTHORITIES COULD ADVERSELY IMPACT THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY'S ABILITY TO ANALYZE AND SHARE IMPORTANT NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION. ACCORDING TO DIRECTOR MUELLER, WITH ALL THE NEW TECHNOLOGY, IT IS EASY FOR A TERRORIST TARGET TO BUY FOUR OR FIVE CELL PHONES, USE THEM IN QUICK SUCCESSION, AND THEN DUMP THEM TO AVOID BEING INTERCEPTED. HE HAS TESTIFIED THAT THE ABILITY TO TRACK TERRORISTS WHEN THEY DO THIS IS TREMENDOUSLY IMPORTANT. I COULDN'T AGREE MORE BECAUSE IT'S PRETTY OBVIOUS THOSE GUYS ARE UP TO SOMETHING AND IT'S NOT GOOD. OUR ENEMIES OFTEN KNOW OUR OWN LAWS BETTER THAN WE DO. THEY UNDERSTAND THE HOOPS AND HURDLES THE GOVERNMENT MUST CLEAR TO CATCH UP TO OR STAY AHEAD OF THEM. KEEP IN MIND THAT THE F.B.I. CANNOT USE A ROVING WIRETAP UNTIL A COURT FINDS PROBABLE CAUSE TO BELIEVE THAT THE TARGET IS AN AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER. SOME CRITICS CLAIM THE PROVISION ALLOWS THE F.B.I. TO AVOID MEETING PROBABLE CAUSE AS SURVEILLANCE MOVES FROM PHONE TO PHONE. THIS CLAIM IS SIMPLY NOT ACCURATE. AS EVERY ROVING WIRETAP MUST BE APPROVED BY A FISA COURT JUDGE. IF A TARGET CHANGES A CELL PHONE AND THE F.B.I. MOVES TO SURVEIL A NEW PHONE, THE COURT IS NOTIFIED OF THAT CHANGE. ALL OF THE PREBZ -- PROTECTIONS FOR U.S. PERSON INFORMATION THAT APPLY TO ANY OTHER FISA WIRETAP ALSO APPLIES TO ROVING WIRETAPS. IN SHORT, WHILE THIS AUTHORITY IS A TREMENDOUS ASSET FOR THE F.B.I. AND HAS BEEN USED 140 TIMES OVER THE PAST FIVE YEARS, IT POSES NO ADDITIONAL CIVIL LIBERTIES CONCERNS AND IT SHOULD BE RENEWED WITHOUT DELAY. WITH REGARD TO SECTION 215, THE BUSINESS RECORDS ACT, OVER THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS, THE RALLYING CRY AGAINST THE PATRIOT ACT HAS CENTERED ON SECTION 215, FISA BUSINESS RECORDS AUTHORITY. SECTION 215 ALLOWS THE F.B.I. TO SEEK FISA COURT AUTHORITY TO OBTAIN BUSINESS RECORDS SUCH AS HOTEL INFORMATION OR TRAVEL RECORDS. AS WITH EACH ONE OF THE EXPIRING PROVISIONS, THE F.B.I. MUST MEET THE STATUTORY STANDARD OF PROOF. THE INSPECTOR GENERAL FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONDUCTED SEVERAL AUDITS OF THE F.B.I.'S USE OF SECTION 215 ORDERS AND FOUND NO ABUSES OF THE AUTHORITY. DIRECTOR MUELLER TESTIFIED THAT THE BUSINESS RECORDS SOUGHT BY THE F.B.I. AND TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS ARE ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL TO IDENTIFYING OTHER PERSONS WHO MAY BE INVOLVED IN TERRORIST ACTIVITIES. THE LONE WOLF PROVISION, THE SOLE EXPIRING PROVISION UNDER THE PATRIOT ACT THAT HAS NOT BEEN USED BY THE F.B.I. PROMPTING SOME CRITICS TO DEMAND ITS REPEAL IS THE LONE WOLF DEFINITION OF AN AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER. RECENT EVENTS HAVE DEMONSTRATED THAT SELF-RADICALIZING INDIVIDUALS WITH NO CLEAR AFFILIATION TO EXISTING TERRORIST GROUPS ARE A GROWING THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY. THE LONE WOLF PROVISION PROVIDES A COUNTER TO THAT THREAT, AT LEAST IN THE CASES OF A NON-U.S. PERSON WHO IS READILY IDENTIFIABLE WITH A PARTICULAR FOREIGN POWER. THE LONE WOLF PROVISION IS A NECESSARY TOOL THAT WILL ONLY NEED TO BE USED IN LIMITED CIRCUMSTANCES. IT'S KIND OF LIKE THOSE IN CASE OF EMERGENCY BREAK GLASS BOXES THAT COVER CERTAIN FIRE ALARMS AND EQUIPMENT. WHILE WE MAY NOT USE IT TOO MUCH, WE WILL CERTAINLY WISH WE HAD IT WHEN THE RIGHT SITUATION COMES UP. IN CONCLUSION, I AM GRATEFUL FOR THE LEADERSHIP OF SENATORS REID AND McCONNELL ON THIS CRUCIAL PIECE OF LEGISLATION. THIS BILL WILL ENSURE THAT OUR INTELLIGENCE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT PROFESSIONALS CAN CONTINUE DOING WHAT THEY DO BEST, WITHOUT ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS. OUR NATION HAS BEEN FORTUNATE TO HAVE NOT SUFFERED A SEQUEL TO THE 9/11 ATTACKS, AND MUCH OF THE CREDIT GOES TO THE DEDICATED WORK OF OUR INTELLIGENCE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT PROFESSIONALS. WE OWE THEM NOT ONLY OUR THANKS BUT THE RECOGNITION THAT THEIR JOBS ARE AS DIFFICULT AS IT IS, AND WE SHOULD NOT BE TAKING ANY STEPS THAT WILL MAKE THEIR RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT THIS COUNTRY ANY MORE DIFFICULT. MR. PRESIDENT, I URGE THE VOTE IN SUPPORT OF INVOKING CLOTURE ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED, AND I YIELD THE FLOOR AND SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

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  • 04:56:15 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: TEXAS. WITHOUT…

    OFFICER: THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: TEXAS. WITHOUT OBJECTION, SO ORDERED. THE CLERK WILL REPORT THE MOTION TO INVOKE CLOTURE.

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  • 05:00:50 PM

    THE CLERK

    CLOTURE MOTION. WE, THE UNDERSIGNED SENATORS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE…

    CLOTURE MOTION. WE, THE UNDERSIGNED SENATORS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF RULE 22 OF THE STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE, HEREBY MOVE TO BRING TO A CLOSE THE DEBATE ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO S. 1038 1038, A BILL TO EXTEND EXPIRING PROVISIONS OF THE U.S.A. PATRIOT IMPROVEMENT AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2005 AND SO FORTH AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. SIGNED BY 18 SENATORS.

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  • 05:01:14 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    PRESIDING OFFICER: BY UNANIMOUS CONSENT, THE MANDATORY QUORUM CALL HAS…

    PRESIDING OFFICER: BY UNANIMOUS CONSENT, THE MANDATORY QUORUM CALL HAS BEEN WAIVED. THE QUESTION IS: IS IT THE SENSE OF THE SENATE THAT DEBATE ON THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO S. 1038, A BILL TO EXTEND THE EXPIRING PROVISIONS OF THE U.S.A. PATRIOT IMPROVEMENT AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2005, AND THE INTELLIGENCE REFORM AND TERRORISM PREVENTION ACT OF 2004, UNTIL JUNE 1, 2015, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES, SHALL BE BROUGHT TO A CLOSE? THE YEAS AND NAYS ARE MANDATORY UNDER THE RULE. THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. VOTE: VOTE: VOTE:

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  • 05:01:54 PM

    Senate Vote 75 - On Cloture on the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed to Consider S 1038)

    PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011

    Cloture on the Motion to Proceed Agreed to (74 - 8)
    Yea

    Vote Details: Yea - 74
    Republican - 32
    Democratic - 41
    Independent - 1

    Vote Details: Nay - 8
    Independent - 1
    Democratic - 4
    Republican - 3

    Vote Details: Not Voting - 17
    Republican - 12
    Democratic - 5

  • 05:40:03 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    PRESIDING OFFICER: ARE THERE ANY SENATORS IN THE CHAMBER WISHING TO VOTE…

    PRESIDING OFFICER: ARE THERE ANY SENATORS IN THE CHAMBER WISHING TO VOTE OR TO CHANGE THINKS OR HER VOTE? -- OR TO CHANGE HIS OR HER VOTE? SEEING NONE, ON THIS VOTE THE YEAS ARE 74. THE NAYS ARE 8. THREE-FIFTHS OF THE SENATORS DULY CHOSEN AND SWORN HAVING VOTED IN THE AFFIRMATIVE, THE MOTION IS AGREED TO. A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?

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  • 05:46:41 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE SENATOR FROM MINNESOTA.

  • 05:46:45 PM

    MS. KLOBUCHAR

    I WOULD SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

  • 05:46:48 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, I ASK FOR…

    CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL. QUORUM CALL: A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, I ASK FOR UNANIMOUS CONSENT TO DISPENSE WITH THE QUORUM CALL.

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  • 05:47:05 PM

    Quorum Call

  • 06:02:40 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION. A SENATOR: THANK YOU, VERY MUCH. MR. PRESIDENT, I COME…

    WITHOUT OBJECTION. A SENATOR: THANK YOU, VERY MUCH. MR. PRESIDENT, I COME TO THE FLOOR FOR THE SECOND TIME BECAUSE I'M HIGHLY CONCERNED. FOR THE LAST 31 YEARS, I'VE BEEN RUNNING A MANUFACTURING BUSINESS IN OSHKOSH, WISCONSIN. ALL THAT TIME I'VE BEEN A VERY CAREFUL OBSERVER OF WHAT'S BEEN HAPPENING HERE IN WASHINGTON. I'VE BEEN WATCHING HOW BROKEN AND UNWORKABLE OUR GOVERNMENT HAS BECOME. I'VE BEEN HERE NOW FOR 4 1/2 MONTHS. NOTHING I HAVE SEEN HAS CHANGED MY MIND.

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  • 06:03:17 PM

    MR. JOHNSON

    OUR POLITICAL PROCESS HERE IN WASHINGTON IS BROKEN. SO HERE'S MY SPECIFIC…

    OUR POLITICAL PROCESS HERE IN WASHINGTON IS BROKEN. SO HERE'S MY SPECIFIC CONCERN. THERE SEEMS TO BE A GROWING ASSUMPTION HERE IN THIS TOWN THAT EVENTUALLY, PROBABLY AT THE VERY LAST MINUTE, SOME KIND OF GRAND BARGAIN IS GOING TO BE STRUCK THAT WILL ACTUALLY INCREASE THE DEBT CEILING LIMIT. NOW, THAT WOULD BE GREAT. IT WOULD BE ABSOLUTELY GREAT IF THAT WOULD HAPPEN, IF THE ADMINISTRATION WOULD ACTUALLY GET SERIOUS AND WORK WITH REPUBLICANS TO ACTUALLY ADDRESS THE VERY SERIOUS FISCAL ISSUES THAT FACE THIS NATION. AND I'M NOT SO SURE WE CAN COUNT ON THAT. THE FACT IS, THE DEMOCRATICALLY-CONTROLLED SENATE HAS NOT PASSED A BUDGET FOR 754 DAYS. I DON'T BELIEVE WE NEED ANY FURTHER EVIDENCE THAT OUR BUDGET PROCESS IN THIS CHAIRMAN INTERBROKEN. SO IN MY MIND, NOT RAISING THE DEBT CEILING IS A VERY REAL POSSIBILITY. AND I'M AFRAID THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION IS TOTALLY IGNORING THAT POSSIBILITY, AND IT APPEARS THAT IT ABSOLUTELY HAS NO PLAN B, IT HAS NO CONTINGENCY PLAN. LIKE I MENTIONED, I'VE BEEN RUNNING A BUSINESS FOR THE LAST 31 YEARS. WHEN YOU RUN A BUSINESS, THINGS OFTEN DON'T GO ACCORDING TO PLAN PLAN. EVERY DAY MILLIONS OF AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN AND BUSINESSWOMEN TRY AND ANTICIPATE THE PROBLEMS ON THE HORIZON. THEY DEVELOP CONTINGENCY PLANS IN CASE THOSE PROBLEMS ARISE. THAT'S WHAT RESPONSIBLE LEADERS DO. GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE NO DIFFERENT. BUT INSTEAD OF BEING RESPONSIBLE RESPONSIBLE, THIS ADMINISTRATION SEEMS TO BE MAKING A CONCERTED EFFORT TO SCARE THE AMERICAN PUBLIC AND SCARE THE MARKETS IN A VERY TRANSPARENT ATTEMPT TO FORCE REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS TO INCREASE THE DEBT CEILING WITHOUT ENACTING THE STRUCTURAL BUDGET AND SPENDING REFORMS THAT WE NEED TO MAKE TO PREVENT THIS NATION FROM GOING BRIPT. GOING -- GOING BANKRUPT. INSTEAD OF SCARING THE MARKETS, THE ADMINISTRATION SHOULD BE SEEKING TO CALM THE MARKETS BY DEVELOPING A CONTINGENCY PLAN JUST IN CASE THE DEBT CEILING IS NOT INCREASED IN TIME. THAT WOULD BE THE PRUDENT THING TO DO. THAT WOULD BE THE RESPONSIBLE THING TO DO. SO TODAY, I AM CALLING ON PRESIDENT OBAMA TO BEGIN PLANNING AHEAD SO THAT FAILURE TO RAISE THE DEBT CEILING DOES NOT IMMEDIATELY TURN INTO A TOTALLY UNNECESSARY CRISIS. MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOOR.

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  • 06:06:43 PM

    MR. JOHNSON

    I SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.

  • 06:06:45 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

  • 06:07:02 PM

    Quorum Call

  • 06:59:32 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE SENATOR FROM WEST VIRGINIA IS RECOGNIZED.

  • 06:59:35 PM

    MR. MARGIN

    I ASK CONSENT TO DISPENSE WITH THE --

  • 06:59:38 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    ASK CONSENT TO DISPENSE WITH THE QUORUM CALL.

  • 06:59:43 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    I ASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THAT THE SENATE NOW PROCEED TO THE CONSIDERATION…

    I ASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THAT THE SENATE NOW PROCEED TO THE CONSIDERATION OF SENATE RESOLUTION 195, WHICH WAS SUBMITTED EARLIER TODAY.

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  • 06:59:48 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OFFICER: THE CLERK WILL REPORT.

  • 06:59:52 PM

    THE CLERK

    RESOLUTION 195, COMMEMORATING THE 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDING OF THE…

    RESOLUTION 195, COMMEMORATING THE 150th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDING OF THE MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IN CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS.

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  • 07:00:04 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION, THE SENATE WILL PROCEED TO THE MEASURE.

  • 07:00:09 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 07:00:16 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 07:00:20 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    THAT THERE ARE THREE MEASURES AT THE DESK, MR. PRESIDENT. I ASK FOR THEIR…

    THAT THERE ARE THREE MEASURES AT THE DESK, MR. PRESIDENT. I ASK FOR THEIR FIRST READING EN BLOC.

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  • 07:00:28 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    THE CLERK WILL READ THE TITLES OF THE MEASURES FOR THE FIRST TIME.

  • 07:00:34 PM

    THE CLERK

    MODIFY THE FORCH SUFERL ACT OF 1978 AND SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITIES REPORTS TO…

    MODIFY THE FORCH SUFERL ACT OF 1978 AND SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITIES REPORTS TO PREVENT UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND FOR OTHERS PURPOSES. SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION 13 DECLARING THAT A STATE OF WAR EXISTS BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF LIBYA AND THE GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES AND MAKING PROVISIONS TO PROSECUTE THE SAME. SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION 14, DECLARING THAT THE PRESIDENT HAS EXCEEDED HIS AUTHORITY UNDER THE WAR POWERS RESOLUTION AS IT PERTAINS TO THE ONGOING MILITARY ENGAGEMENT IN LIBYA.

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  • 07:01:07 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    ITS SECOND READING AND OBJECT TO MY OWN REQUEST, ALL EN BLOC.

  • 07:01:11 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    OBJECTION IS HEARD. THE MEASURES WILL BE READ FOR THE SECOND TIME ON THE…

    OBJECTION IS HEARD. THE MEASURES WILL BE READ FOR THE SECOND TIME ON THE NEXT LEGISLATIVE DAY.

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  • 07:01:23 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 07:02:21 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

    WITHOUT OBJECTION.

  • 07:02:23 PM

    MR. MANCHIN

    BE A JOINT MEETING OF CONGRESS TOMORROW AT 11:00 A.M. WITH THE PRIME…

    BE A JOINT MEETING OF CONGRESS TOMORROW AT 11:00 A.M. WITH THE PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL, BINYAMIN NETANYAHU. SENATORS SHOULD JOIN IN THE SENATE CHAMBER AT 10:30 TO PROCEED TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AT 10:40 A.M. WE ANTICIPATE ADDITIONAL DEBATE IN ADOPTION OF THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO SENATE 1038, THE PATRIOT ACT EXTENSION DURING TUESDAY'S SESSION. MR. PRESIDENT, IF THERE IS NO FURTHER BUSINESS TO COME BEFORE THE SENATE, I ASK THAT IT ADJOURN UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER.

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  • 07:02:51 PM

    THE PRESIDING OFFICER

Briefings for May 23, 2011

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Hearings for May 23, 2011

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Statistics

115th Congress - Senate
Total Hours: 1414 (After 415 days)
  • Debate895 Hours
  • Quorum Calls314 Hours
  • Votes205 Hours

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Source: Resume of Congressional Activity (senate.gov)