Bell Ringers
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By nkenworthy1
On March 16, 2017

Bell Ringer: What is a Lobbyist?

What is a Lobbyist?

Tom Holyoke, author of The Ethical Lobbyist: Reforming Washington's Influence Industry, gives a description of the role and influence of lobbyists on our nation's government.


Tom Holyoke, author of The Ethical Lobbyist: Reforming Washington’s Influence Industry, uses his knowledge and research to present the definition of a lobbyist and the power that they have in our modern day government, the basis of their power, and the ethical and potentially legal problems behind their power.

Bell Ringer Assignment

  • According to Tom Holyoke, what is the basic job and power of a lobbyist? What legal justification is there for this power?
  • According to Mr. Holyoke, what is the proper usage of a lobbyist's power? What makes this power important and valuable to a company or person?
  • What is the dilemma that Mr. Holyoke brings up at the end of the video? Why do lobbyists tend to follow this trend and not stick to their base power?

Additional Resource



    • 1st Amendment
    • Lobbyist
    • Petition
    • Special Interest


    Interest Groups & Lobbying


    Middle SchoolHigh SchoolUniversity