President Trump speaks about NATO and foreign policy at the G-20 Summitt in July, 2017.
The U.S. government has multiple ways to accomplish their foreign policy goals. This lesson gives an overview of some of these tools of foreign policy and provides students the opportunity to review present and historical examples of foreign policy. Extension activities are also provided.
Have the students answer the following questions either individually or as a group.
What are some goals that the U.S. wants to accomplish when working with other countries?
Go over the following terms and explain these tools of foreign policy.
Diplomacy- The conduct by government officials of negotiations and other relations between nations.
Foreign Aid- Assistance given by a government to other nations. It can include military and economic aid.
Sanctions- Actions taken by governments to punish other nations. These can include diplomatic, economic, military and cultural sanctions.
Using the Tools of Foreign Policy Handout, have the students watch the videos below highlighting examples of foreign policy and complete the following handout:
Handout: Foreign Policy Tools Handout (Google Doc)
For each video clip, students will provide the following information:
Description of the tool(s) used and how it/they are being used.
Video Clip 1: President Trumps Speaks at the G-20 Summit (1:43)
Video Clip 2: Woodrow Wilson during the Treaty of Versailles (1:20)
Video Clip 3: Obama and Foreign Policy in Asia (2:54)
Video Clip 4: Bush and the Russia-Georgia Conflict (4:13)
Video Clip 5: Foreign Aid and USAID (5:01)
Video Clip 6: North Korea Sanctions Bill (3:04)
Video Clip 7: House Democrats on U.S. Policy Toward Russia (2:44)
Video Clip 8: U.S Sanctions on Japan Prior to World War II (1:00)
Video Clip 9: U.S. Troops in Bosnia (1:41)
Video Clip 10: Vice President Pence Announces Turkish Ceasefire in Syria (2:06)
Using their notes from the handout, have the students develop a list of at least two general goals of U.S. foreign policy. They should define these goals and provide examples from the video clips to explain how the U.S. uses these tools of foreign policy to accomplish these goals.
To conclude, have the students answer the following question:
Concept Application Questions Free Response Question- Respond to this writing prompt (Google Doc) presented in the style of the Argumentative Question component of the redesigned AP Government and Politics exam.
Diplomatic Letter: Choose one of the situations in the clips and write a letter from the President of the United States to the foreign leader(s) involved. Address the issues addressed in the videos, your goals in this situation and your course of actions.
You Make the Decisions: Have the students respond to the following situation like they are the President of the United States: