On November 19, 1942, the Soviet Red Army began a counteroffensive attack to move the Germans out of Stalingrad in a major turning point of World War II. That summer, the German army occupied Stalingrad in an attempt to control the Caucasus oil wells. The Red Army quickly overwhelmed the German soldiers but the onset of starvation, the cold of winter, and brutal war techniques led Stalingrad to become one of the most horrific battles of the war. The city was finally liberated when German forces surrendered in January of 1943.
The Battle of Russia, one of the seven films in the Why We Fight series created during World War II by Hollywood director and U.S. Army Major Frank Capra, discusses the Battle of Stalingrad in which Soviet forces led a counteroffensive attack to move German forces out of the city.